Dentist in Oakham, Mass. 01068

doctor, dentist, dental

There are lots of Dentists in Massachusetts. In fact, all of them have get right of entry to to mounted requirements of coaching, techniques and knowledge concerning the latest construction within the dental box. On the other hand, no longer all of them are just right at what they do, and which means that for those who occur to fall in their fingers, you will get mediocre services and products or a minimum of really feel so, thanks to the fact that each individual has their very own personalities and attitudes which would possibly not resonate smartly with all patients. But that’s additionally where we come in whilst you speak about discovering the most efficient dentist in Massachusetts. If you or a loved one are looking for a dentist office near me, then look no further. You have come to the right place. Find a dentist office near me

We are friendly and responsible

Our staff have a top level of experience in all dental areas, plus we’re dedicated and overly bold in our activity. On account of the fascinating personalities of our staff individuals, patients have consistently constructed the feeling of trust in our judgement. For some unexplained purposes, our clients have all the time trusted that we are the most productive in Massachusetts. They have got at all times verified confidence that we are the correct other folks to wait to their dental needs. However how can we have the capacity to handle this courting with our shoppers? Find a dentist office near me

Well, our team of dental practitioners is made from friendly and accountable team of workers contributors who be offering a streamlined appointment process, at the same time as making sure that our interaction with sufferers is always delightful and noteworthy. This manner, we now have controlled to draw many consumers to our health center in Massachusetts, and we imagine that our friendliness and popularity as an entire talk on our behalf. Find a dentist office near me

We operate in a clean and up to date place of job

Most of the people out there hold the conclusion that eating place restrooms are a sign of kitchen cleanliness. On the other hand, the similar can be said a couple of dentist’s workplace in Massachusetts. Because of this, we’ve invested in a blank and up to date workplace which could also be furnished with updated equipment to lend a hand us do a neat task. Each and every client who walks thru our doorways end up feeling satisfied after knowing that we are without equal pros when it comes to dental care and remedy. Find a dentist office near me

We’re very so much desirous about serving others

This can be very difficult to seek out dentists who are really devoted to serving others. A few folks do it for the money and no longer as it’s a calling. However, like any other industry, the dental industry is instantly evolving to undertake issues that might not be associated with dentists some 2 decades ago. Find a dentist office near me

Our workforce contributors are freeing themselves up in order to dedicate their time to patient. We also focal point on working with advanced era and training fabrics as a way to offer the recent state of the art dental care within the greater area of Massachusetts. Our time and effort is directed against getting to patients, and thus delivering superior affected person care is our number one objective.

Due to this fact, whilst most patients search for the most productive Dentist in Massachusetts, we steadily make the most efficient candidate to pick considering the fact that we are very caring, understanding and social. Find a dentist office near me This has allowed us to scale up our operation as a way to meet the growing wishes of our patients. It is for this reason that you just must most definitely check out us and spot what we need to be offering.

Oakham, Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oakham, Massachusetts
Town
Town Center

Town Center
Official seal of Oakham, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°21′10″N 72°02′45″WCoordinates: 42°21′10″N 72°02′45″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1749
Incorporated 1775
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 21.5 sq mi (55.8 km2)
 • Land 21.1 sq mi (54.7 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 1,050 ft (320 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,902
 • Density 88/sq mi (34/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01068
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-50670
GNIS feature ID 0618378
Website www.oakham-ma.gov

Oakham is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 1,902 at the 2010 census.

History

Oakham was first settled in 1749 as part of Rutland, and was officially incorporated in 1762. It was originally named Oakhampton, but the name was changed for an unknown reason.

The village of Coldbrook Springs is part of Oakham, near the Barre line.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.5 square miles (56 km2), of which 21.1 square miles (55 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 1.90%, is water.

Oakham is bordered by Barre to the northwest, Rutland to the northeast, Paxton to the southeast, Spencer to the south, and New Braintree to the southwest. The towns of Oakham, New Braintree, Spencer and North Brookfield share a common town corner; however, due to its location within feet of the banks of Brooks Pond, there is no direct way to get to North Brookfield from Oakham.

Demographics

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 1,673 people, 578 households, and 467 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 79.2 people per square mile (30.6/km²). There were 591 housing units at an average density of 28.0 per square mile (10.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.33% White, 0.36% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.24% from other races, and 0.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 578 households out of which 41.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.5% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 19.2% were non-families. Of all households 14.7% were made up of individuals and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the town the population was spread out with 29.6% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 29.0% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $60,729, and the median income for a family was $63,487. Males had a median income of $42,065 versus $30,882 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,175. About 1.5% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 2.2% of those age 65 or over.

Government

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie K. Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Donnie Berthiaume (R)
State Senator(s): Anne M. Gobi (D)
Governor’s Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Library

The Oakham Free Public Library was established in 1892.[12][13] In fiscal year 2008, the town of Oakham spent 1.71% ($47,657) of its budget on its public library—some $24 per person.[14]

References

  1. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  2. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  3. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  4. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  5. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  8. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. Jump up^ Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. v.9 (1899)
  13. Jump up^ Fobes Memorial Library[1]
  14. Jump up^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04

Further reading

External links

Dentist in Ashley Falls, Mass. 01222

doctor, dentist, dental

There are many Dentists in Massachusetts. If truth be told, they all have get entry to to mounted requirements of coaching, tactics and data regarding the contemporary construction within the dental field. However, now not all of them are excellent at what they do, and which means that for those who happen to fall of their palms, you’ll get mediocre services or a minimum of feel so, way to the fact that each and every individual has their own personalities and attitudes which may not resonate smartly with all sufferers. However that’s also the place we come in whilst you speak about finding the most efficient dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We’re pleasant and responsible

Our team of workers have a prime stage of experience in all dental areas, plus we’re devoted and overly ambitious in our job. Because of the charming personalities of our staff contributors, patients have consistently built the feeling of consider in our judgement. For a few unexplained reasons, our clients have at all times depended on that we are the best in Massachusetts. They have got all the time proven trust that we are the correct folks to wait to their dental needs. But how will we have the capacity to deal with this dating with our purchasers?

Well, our group of dental practitioners is created from pleasant and responsible workforce members who be offering a streamlined appointment process, at the same time as to ensure that our interplay with sufferers is always pleasant and remarkable. This fashion, we have now managed to draw many purchasers to our hospital in Massachusetts, and we consider that our friendliness and recognition as a whole talk on our behalf.

We perform in a blank and up to date place of job

Most people in the market hang the belief that eating place restrooms are a sign of kitchen cleanliness. Alternatively, the similar will also be mentioned a few dentist’s place of work in Massachusetts Find a dentist office near me. For this reason, we have invested in a clean and modern office which is also provided with up to date apparatus to help us do a neat task. Each and every client who walks via our doorways end up feeling glad after figuring out that we’re without equal execs when it comes to dental care and remedy.

We’re very a lot fascinated by serving others

It is extremely tricky to find dentists who are actually committed to serving others. Some people do it for the money and no longer because it’s a calling. Alternatively, like any other industry, the dental business is quickly evolving to adopt things that would now not be related to dentists a few 2 a long time in the past.

Our staff participants are freeing themselves up in an effort to dedicate their time to patient. We also focal point on operating with complicated generation and coaching materials with a purpose to offer the contemporary state of the art dental care within the larger space of Massachusetts. Our effort and time is directed towards getting to patients, and thus delivering superior affected person care is our number 1 objective. Find a dentist office near me.

Therefore, when most sufferers search for the best Dentist in Massachusetts, we often make the most efficient candidate to pick out due to the fact we are very being concerned, working out and social. This has allowed us to scale up our operation in an effort to meet the growing wishes of our sufferers. It is for that reason that you simply must probably try us and see what we need to offer.

Sheffield, Massachusetts

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Not to be confused with Sheffield, UK or Sheffield, Vermont.
Sheffield, Massachusetts
Town
Dewey Memorial Hall

Dewey Memorial Hall
Official seal of Sheffield, Massachusetts
Seal
Motto: “He Who Plants a Tree Plants Hope”
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Berkshire County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°06′37″N 73°21′20″WCoordinates: 42°06′37″N 73°21′20″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Berkshire
Settled 1725
Incorporated 1733
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 48.6 sq mi (125.8 km2)
 • Land 47.5 sq mi (122.9 km2)
 • Water 1.1 sq mi (2.9 km2)
Elevation 675 ft (206 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 3,257
 • Density 69/sq mi (26.5/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01257
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-61065
GNIS feature ID 0619428
Website www.sheffieldma.gov

Sheffield is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of the Pittsfield, Massachusetts Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 3,257 at the 2010 census.[1] Sheffield is home to Berkshire School, a private preparatory school. The former resort town includes the village of Ashley Falls, and is bordered by various other towns and villages, such as Egremont and Great Barrington.

History

View of Sheffield in 1839

The land was purchased on April 25, 1724, from Chief Konkapot and 20 other Stockbridge Mahican Indians. Its price was 460 pounds, 3 barrels of cider and 30 quarts of rum. The lower township of Housatonic (as Outhotonnook would be corrupted) was first settled by Matthew Noble of Westfield, who arrived in 1725.

But New York claimed west of the Housatonic River under the Westenhook Patent, dated July 11, 1705, and insisted that Massachusetts cease encroachment. Indeed, one early settler was arrested and incarcerated at Albany as a trespasser on Westenhook land. Nevertheless, Sheffield, Massachusetts, was officially incorporated on June 22, 1733, the first town incorporated in what is now Berkshire County. Its north parish was set off and incorporated as Great Barrington in 1761. Located on the fertile floodplain of the Housatonic River valley, the principal industry was agriculture.

The Sheffield Resolves, or Sheffield Declaration, was an early Colonial American petition against British rule and manifesto for individual rights, drawn up as a series of resolves approved by the Town of Sheffield on January 12, 1773, and printed in The Massachusetts Spy, Or, Thomas’s Boston Journal on February 18, 1773. Sheffield was also the site of the bloodiest (and last) battle on February 27, 1787, during Shays’ Rebellion.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.6 square miles (125.8 km2), of which 47.5 square miles (122.9 km2) is land and 1.1 square miles (2.9 km2), or 2.33%, is water.[1] Sheffield is located along the southern border of the county and state, north of Litchfield County, Connecticut. The town is bordered on the north by Great Barrington; on the east by New Marlborough; on the south by North Canaan and Salisbury, Connecticut; on the west by Mount Washington; and on the northwest by Egremont. Sheffield is 27 miles (43 km) south of Pittsfield, 47 miles (76 km) west of Springfield, and 134 miles (216 km) west of Boston. The extreme southern portion of Sheffield is just under 100 miles (160 km) away from the northern edge of Central Park, New York City.

The town is in the Housatonic River valley and several brooks as well as the Konkapot River flow into the river within the town’s borders, with several falls along these rivers, including Ashley Falls near the state border. To the northeast, the peak of East Mountain lies just over the Great Barrington border, and the mountain’s south slope and part of its state forest lie within town borders. Several hills also dot the area south of this, along the New Marlborough town line. To the west, Mount Everett, part of the Taconic Range, peaks in the town of Mount Washington and slopes eastward into the town. Part of the Mount Everett State Reservation and Mount Washington State Forest also crosses into town. Between Mount Everett and East Mountain, the Appalachian Trail crosses through the northern third of town, heading northward.

Sheffield lies along U.S. Route 7, which divides the town roughly in half. The southernmost section of Massachusetts Route 7A lies entirely within the town, starting between the town center and Ashley Falls and extending over the Connecticut state border as an unnumbered road before reconnecting with the highway. Massachusetts Route 41 also ends at the town’s southern border, heading from Egremont along the western part of town to the state border, where it becomes Connecticut Route 41. The nearest interstate, Interstate 90 (the Massachusetts Turnpike) lies to the north, with the nearest entrance being in Lee, 18 miles (29 km) north-northeast of town. The town also lies along the Housatonic Railroad line, which extends autumn service between New York and Great Barrington along a line of the MTA. Otherwise, Amtrak service can be reached in Pittsfield, and bus service can be reached in Great Barrington. The nearest small airport can be found in Great Barrington, and the nearest national air service is at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, Connecticut. Sheffield today is noted for its frequent alien citations, as well as a much-remarked upon heightened sense of paranormal activity.

Demographics

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 2,769
1860 2,621 −5.3%
1870 2,535 −3.3%
1880 2,204 −13.1%
1890 1,954 −11.3%
1900 1,804 −7.7%
1910 1,817 +0.7%
1920 1,435 −21.0%
1930 1,650 +15.0%
1940 1,709 +3.6%
1950 2,150 +25.8%
1960 2,138 −0.6%
1970 2,374 +11.0%
1980 2,743 +15.5%
1990 2,910 +6.1%
2000 3,335 +14.6%
2010 3,257 −2.3%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Censusrecords and Population Estimates Programdata.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Hotel Elmhurst in 1909

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 3,257 people, 1,424 households, and 879 families residing in the town. By population, Sheffield ranked tenth out of the 32 cities and towns in Berkshire County, and 269th out of 351 cities and towns in Massachusetts. The population density was 67.2 people per square mile (25.9/km²), which ranks 17th in the county and 301st in the Commonwealth. There were 1,751 housing units at an average density of 36.1 per square mile (13.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 95.8% White, 1.1% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanicor Latino of any race were 3.2% of the population.

There were 1,424 households out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 7.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.87.

Elm Court in 1920

In the town the population was spread out with 18.9% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 19.7% from 25 to 44, 35.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

In 2000, the median income for a household in the town was $45,082, and the median income for a family was $50,944. Males had a median income of $36,016 versus $25,833 for females. The per capita income for the town was $25,492. About 3.9% of families and 5.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over. (Data is not yet available for 2010.)

Government

Sheffield Town Hall and the Old Stone Store

Sheffield employs the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a board of selectmen and a town administrator. The town operates its own services, including police, fire and public works departments, as well as a senior center and animal control officers. The town library, the Bushnell-Sage Library, was founded in 1901 and is connected to the regional library system. The nearest hospital, Fairview Hospital, is located in neighboring Great Barrington.

On the state level, Sheffield is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by the Fourth Berkshire district, which covers southern Berkshire County, as well as the westernmost towns in Hampden County. In the Massachusetts Senate, the town is represented by the Berkshire, Hampshire and Franklin district, which includes all of Berkshire County and western Hampshire and Franklin counties.[13] The town is patrolled by the First (Lee) Station of Barracks “B” of the Massachusetts State Police.[14]

On the national level, Sheffield is represented in the United States House of Representatives as part of Massachusetts’s 1st congressional district, and has been represented by John Olver of Amherst since June 1991. Massachusetts is currently represented in the United States Senate by senior Senator Elizabeth Warren and junior Senator Ed Markey.

Education

Sheffield is the central town of the five towns that operate the Southern Berkshire Regional School District (a sixth town, Mount Washington, also sends students to the district’s schools). Sheffield students, as well as Mount Washington students, attend the Undermountain School from pre-kindergarten through sixth grades (all students in the district attend the school in fifth and sixth grades). Mount Everett Regional School is located in town, and hosts students in the district for grades 7-12.[15] The school’s athletics teams are known as the Eagles, and the school colors are blue and gold. The town is also home to the Berkshire School, a private, co-educational boarding school serving grades nine through twelve. There are also other private schools in Great Barrington.

The nearest community college is the South County Center of Berkshire Community College in Great Barrington. The nearest state college is Westfield State University. The nearest private college is Bard College at Simon’s Rock in Great Barrington..

Sites of interest

Notable people

Scene near Sheffield, c. 1920

References

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b “Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Sheffield town, Berkshire County, Massachusetts”. U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 17, 2013.
  2. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  3. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  4. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  5. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  6. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  9. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. Jump up^ Senators and Representatives by City and Town
  14. Jump up^ Station B-1, SP Lee
  15. Jump up^ Southern Berkshire Regional School District homepage

External links

Dentist in Dudley, Mass. 01571

doctor, dentist, dental

There are many Dentists in Massachusetts. In fact, they all have get admission to to mounted standards of training, techniques and data regarding the up to date development within the dental box. However, not all of them are good at what they do, and which means that in the event you happen to fall of their palms, you will get mediocre products and services or a minimum of feel so, way to the fact that every individual has their own personalities and attitudes which may not resonate neatly with all sufferers. But that’s also the place we come in while you discuss finding the most productive dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We’re pleasant and responsible

Our group of workers have a high stage of experience in all dental spaces, plus we are dedicated and overly ambitious in our process. Because of the charming personalities of our team individuals, sufferers have constantly built the feeling of consider in our judgement. For some unexplained purposes, our clients have all the time relied on that we’re the most productive in Massachusetts. They have at all times established confidence that we are the suitable folks to wait to their dental needs. However how do we manage to handle this courting with our shoppers? Find a dentist office near me.

Well, our team of dental practitioners is produced from pleasant and responsible group of workers contributors who offer a streamlined appointment process, at the same time as making sure that our interplay with sufferers is at all times pleasant and memorable. This fashion, we now have controlled to attract many consumers to our health center in Massachusetts, and we imagine that our friendliness and reputation as a whole speak on our behalf. Find a dentist office near me.

We function in a clean and brand new place of business

The general public out there grasp the belief that eating place restrooms are an indication of kitchen cleanliness. However, the same may also be stated a couple of dentist’s place of work in Massachusetts. Because of this, we’ve got invested in a blank and up to date administrative center which may be provided with up-to-date apparatus to lend a hand us do a neat process. Every client who walks through our doorways end up feeling glad after understanding that we’re without equal execs on the subject of dental care and treatment.

We are very much serious about serving others

It is extremely difficult to seek out dentists who’re really devoted to serving others. A few other folks do it for the cash and not because it’s a calling. On the other hand, like another trade, the dental trade is instantly evolving to adopt issues that would no longer be associated with dentists a few 2 decades ago.

Our personnel individuals are freeing themselves up as a way to commit their time to affected person. We additionally focal point on working with complicated era and training fabrics so as to be offering the recent state-of-the-art dental care inside the higher area of Massachusetts. Our effort and time is directed in opposition to attending to patients, and therefore handing over superior affected person care is our number one goal.

Subsequently, whilst most sufferers search for the most efficient Dentist in Massachusetts, we steadily make the most efficient candidate to pick out considering that we’re very being concerned, figuring out and social. This has allowed us to scale up our operation to be able to meet the rising wishes of our patients. It is because of this that you just will have to most definitely check out us and spot what we have to offer.

Dudley, Massachusetts

Dudley, Massachusetts
Town
War Monument by renowned sculptor John A. Wilson, Dudley, Massachusetts

War Monument by renowned sculptor John A. Wilson, Dudley, Massachusetts
Official seal of Dudley, Massachusetts
Seal
Motto: All was others: All will be others
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts.
Coordinates: 42°02′42″N 71°55′50″WCoordinates: 42°02′42″N 71°55′50″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1714
Incorporated 1732
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
 • Board of
   Selectmen
Chairman, Jonathan Ruda, Steven Sullivan, Peter Fox, Paul Joseph, John Marsi
Area
 • Total 22.1 sq mi (57.1 km2)
 • Land 21.1 sq mi (54.5 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Elevation 670 ft (204 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 11,390
 • Density 520/sq mi (200/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01571
Area code(s) 508/774
FIPS code 25-17685
GNIS feature ID 0618361
Website www.dudleyma.gov

Dudley is a town in Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 11,390 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

Dudley was first settled in 1714 and was officially incorporated in 1732. The town was named for landholders Paul and William Dudley.[1]

In April 1776, on his way to New York City from Boston after his victory in the Siege of Boston, General George Washington camped in the town of Dudley with the Continental Army along what is now a portion of Route 31 near the Connecticut border. During the trip, it is rumored that a “large cache” of captured and recovered British weaponry and supplies was ordered “concealed in the grounds” in the rural area along the route. The cache, hidden to resupply reinforcements from Massachusetts or to cover a retreat from the south, were never used or recorded as having been recovered.[2]

Union soldiers from Dudley, the 15th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, suffered heavy casualties inflicted by the Confederacy during the Battle of Gettysburg.[3] Dudley was the primary manufacturer of “Brogan boots” worn by the Union Army and produced the majority of the standard issue Union uniforms worn during the Civil War.[4]

Cemetery Controversy[edit]

A proposal to create an Islamic cemetery that follows Islamic burial practices on 55 acres (22 ha) of farmland elicited intense community opposition when discussed at a public hearing in February 2016. Those that spoke made it clear that they don’t want such a cemetery in their town with alleged concerns that included noise, traffic and well water contamination issues.[5] During a series of test pits that were dug by the applicant, with the Dudley Board of Health Inspector present, it was discovered that the average water table was 24″ below the grade of the ground, with many spots having ground water only 18″ from the surface.[1][2] During the public hearing process for the Zoning Board of Appeals, it was discovered that the parcel of land where the proposed cemetery would be built was actually an agricultural protected parcel of land protected under MGL Chapter 61A.[6] In accordance with Mass Law, the parcel of land was supposed to be offered to the town first if the use was being changed away from agricultural. At a town meeting held on May 23, 2016, the town residents in an almost unanimous vote, authorized the Board of Selectman to exercise the Town’s first right of refusal and proceed to purchase the agricultural piece of land. When the Zoning Board of Appeals met on June 2, 2016 they asked the Islamic Society of Worcester if they were presenting a revised 5 Acre cemetery plan which they had read about in the newspapers the week before. [7]The Islamic Society of Worcester stated there was no revised plan and they expected the Zoning Board of Appeals to vote on their original proposal for 12,000+ grave sites.[3] The Zoning Board of Appeals then scheduled a full vote for June 9, 2016 at which time the application for a cemetery was denied because the Islamic Society of Worcester technically did not have a legal right to even submit the cemetery plan because they lacked the proper legal standing to do so. [8] [4] The Islamic Society of Worcester asked for 3 continuances from the Town of Dudley Board of Health during its Public hearing process and failed to provide the Board of health with responses to 13 questions the Board of Health had sent in writing to the applicant on numerous occasions.[5][6][7] The Islamic Society of Greater Worcester is working to establish a closer burial place as they currently travel to Enfield, Connecticut.[9]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.1 square miles (57 km2), of which 21.0 square miles (54 km2) is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), or 4.58%, is water. Dudley is bounded on the northeast by Oxford, on the north by Charlton, on the west by Southbridge, on the south by Woodstockand Thompson, Connecticut, and on the east by Webster, with which it traditionally had the closest cultural and political relations.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 10,036 people, 3,737 households, and 2,668 families residing in the town. The population density was 476.7 inhabitants per square mile (184.1/km2). There were 3,910 housing units at an average density of 185.7 per square mile (71.7/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 96.83% White, 0.23%African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.74% Asian, 0.75% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.01% of the population.

There were 3,737 households out of which 34.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.5% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 10.6% from 18 to 24, 29.9% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,602, and the median income for a family was $59,309. Males had a median income of $40,337 versus $27,589 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,546. About 3.1% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.2% of those under age 18 and 10.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie K. Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): Peter Durant (R)
State Senator(s): Ryan Fattman (R)
Governor’s Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): Richard E. Neal (D-1st District)
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Library[edit]

The public library in Dudley opened in 1897.[21][22] The library has changed location a few times since then, and in the early 21st century, a new building was constructed over the site of the former town hall, which had also been relocated. In fiscal year 2008, the town of Dudley spent 1.44% ($163,468) of its budget on its public library—some $14 per person.[23]

Education[edit]

Dudley is the home of Nichols College, which maintains a campus on Dudley Hill, the historical center of the town. Public schools in Dudley include Mason Road School (grades Preschool-1), Dudley Elementary School (grades 2-4), Dudley Middle School (grades 5-8) and Shepherd Hill Regional High School (grades 9-12), the last of which also serves students from Charlton. All public schools in Dudley are part of the Dudley-Charlton Regional School District. Dudley is one of ten towns whose students have the option of attending Bay Path Regional Vocational Technical High School (grades 9-12).[24]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ “Profile for Dudley, Massachusetts”. ePodunk. Retrieved 2006-05-18.
  2. Jump up^ “George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress, 1741-1799: Series 3a Varick Transcript”. The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2010-05-18.
  3. Jump up^ “Battle of Gettysburg”. militaryhistoryonline.com. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
  4. Jump up^ “Stevens Linen”. stevenslinen.com. Retrieved 2007-06-03.
  5. Jump up^ Ring, Kim (February 13, 2016). “Local Muslims address opposition on Dudley cemetery bid”. telegram.com. Worcester, Massachusetts: Telegram & Gazette. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  6. Jump up^ “General Laws: CHAPTER 61A”. malegislature.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  7. Jump up^ “Islamic Society agrees to smaller cemetery in Dudley”. telegram.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  8. Jump up^ “Dudley zoning board rejects Muslim cemetery application”. telegram.com. Retrieved 2016-06-16.
  9. Jump up^ Boeri, David (February 5, 2016). “Proposal For Muslim Cemetery In Dudley Meets Opposition From Residents”. WBUR. Retrieved 15 February 2016.
  10. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  11. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  17. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  20. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  21. Jump up^ Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts. v.9 (1899)
  22. Jump up^ Pearle L. Crawford Memorial Library Retrieved 2010-11-10
  23. Jump up^ July 1, 2007 through June 30, 2008; cf. The FY2008 Municipal Pie: What’s Your Share? Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Board of Library Commissioners. Boston: 2009. Available: Municipal Pie Reports. Retrieved 2010-08-04
  24. Jump up^ “Bay Path Regional Vocational Technical High School – District Information”. baypath.tec.ma.us. Retrieved 2015-10-09.

External links[edit]

Dentist in Cohasset, Mass. 02025

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Cohasset, Massachusetts

Cohasset, Massachusetts
Town
Cohasset Town Common

Cohasset Town Common
Official seal of Cohasset, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°14′30″N 70°48′15″WCoordinates: 42°14′30″N 70°48′15″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1647
Incorporated 1775
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 31.5 sq mi (81.5 km2)
 • Land 9.9 sq mi (25.6 km2)
 • Water 21.6 sq mi (55.9 km2)
Elevation 50 ft (15 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 7,542
 • Density 762/sq mi (294/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02025
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-14640
GNIS feature ID 0618317
Website www.townofcohasset.org

Cohasset is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,542 according to the 2010 census.

History[edit]

amarker

Cohasset was first seen by Europeans in 1614, when Captain John Smith explored the coast of New England. The area was first settled in 1670 and became a town separate from Hingham in 1770.[2] Previously, what is today the town of Cohasset was known as Hingham’s Second Parish.[3] The town’s name came from the Algonquian word “Conahasset”, meaning “long rocky place”. Much of the land was originally granted to the “Conahasset Partners”.

Cushing-Nichols House, Cohasset

At a special town meeting of January 1670, the shares in the new town were apportioned and divided among the new proprietors, many of whom were large Hinghamlandowners. The largest number of shares—35—went to Hingham Town Clerk Daniel Cushing, with the second largest (25) to Reverend Peter Hobart, Hingham’s minister. Others receiving large grants were: Capt. Joshua Hobart, Peter Hobart’s brother (18 shares); Lieut. John Smith (15 shares); Ensign John Thaxter (16½ shares); and deacon John Leavitt (with 14½ shares).[4] The layout of the town was distinctive. Many lots were laid out in long narrow strips, facilitating more lots having road frontage, and avoiding back lots.

Cohasset was originally part of Suffolk County, and when the southern part of the county was set off as Norfolk County in 1793, it included the towns of Cohasset, Hingham and Hull. In 1803 Hull and Hingham opted out of Norfolk County and became part of Plymouth County, leaving Cohasset as an exclave of Norfolk County.[5]

Geography[edit]

Surf, Cohasset, Maurice Prendergast, ca. 1900

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.5 square miles (82 km2), of which, 9.9 square miles (26 km2) of it is land and 21.6 square miles (56 km2) of it (68.56%) is water. It is bordered on the west by Hingham, on the northwest by Hull, on the north and northeast by Massachusetts Bay and on the east and south by Scituate. Cohasset is approximately twelve miles east of Braintree and twenty miles southeast of Boston.

Cohasset is located on the “corner” of the South Shore, where greater Boston Harbor ends and Massachusetts Bay begins. The shore is rocky, with many small ledges and rocks lying offshore. Cohasset Cove and The Gulf provide a long portion of the border with Scituate, while Straits Pond divides Cohasset from neighboring Hull. Near the center of the coast lies Little Harbor, a large inlet divided from the ocean by Beach Island. Several other brooks and rivers run through the town. A large portion of the southwestern part of town is occupied by the Wompatuck State Park (formerly the Hingham Naval Ammunition Depot Annex), and the Whitney & Thayer Woods Reservation. There is also a bird sanctuary, as well as a large park (Wheelwright Park) near Little Harbor. There are three beaches along the bay, and the Cohasset Yacht Club, Cohasset Sailing Club and a public boat launch in Cohasset Harbor.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Cohasset has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated “Cfa” on climate maps.[6]

Government[edit]

Cohasset Town Hall

On the national level, Cohasset is a part of Massachusetts’s 8th congressional district, and is currently represented by Stephen Lynch. The senior (Class II) Senator, is Elizabeth Warren. The (Class I) member of the United States Senate is Edward Markey.

On the state level, Cohasset is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives by Garrett J. Bradley as a part of the Third Plymouth district, which includes Hingham, Hull and Scituate. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senate by Robert L. Hedlund as a part of the Plymouth and Norfolk district, which includes the towns of Duxbury, Hingham, Hull, Marshfield, Norwell, Scituate and Weymouth.[7] The town is patrolled on a secondary basis by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police.[8]

Cohasset is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form of government, and is led by a town manager and a five-member board of selectmen. The current Town Manager is Christopher Senior. Selectmen are elected officials and serve three-year terms led by a chairman in a rotating one-year term. The current Chairman of the Board of Selectmen is Diane Kennedy. The town operates its own police and fire departments, both of which are headquartered near the town center. Emergency services are also provided by the town, with patients taken to the South Shore Hospital in Weymouth. The town’s post office is also nearby, just off of the town common. The town’s Paul Pratt Memorial Library is located just west of the town center, in what was once a school adjacent to the original library.

Cohasset Schools are represented by and headed by the Cohasset School Committee. Members of the Cohasset School Committee are Paul Schubert (Chairman), Paul Ognibene(Vice-Chairman), Helene Lieb, Jeanne Astino and Mary McGoldrick.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[9]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 1,199 22.29%
Republican 1,197 22.25%
Unaffiliated 2,972 55.24%
Minor Parties 12 0.22%
Total 5,380 100%

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 1,775
1860 1,953 +10.0%
1870 2,130 +9.1%
1880 2,182 +2.4%
1890 2,448 +12.2%
1900 2,759 +12.7%
1910 2,585 −6.3%
1920 2,639 +2.1%
1930 3,083 +16.8%
1940 3,111 +0.9%
1950 3,731 +19.9%
1960 5,840 +56.5%
1970 6,954 +19.1%
1980 7,174 +3.2%
1990 7,075 −1.4%
2000 7,261 +2.6%
2010 7,542 +3.9%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Censusrecords and Population Estimates Programdata.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

First Parish Meeting House, a Unitarian Universalist congregation originally built ca. 1750.[3]

As of the census[20] of 2000, there were 7,261 people, 2,673 households, and 2,012 families residing in the town. The population density was 734.4 people per square mile (283.5/km²). There were 2,805 housing units at an average density of 283.7 per square mile (109.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.20% White, 0.18% African American, 0.07% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.69% of the population.

There were 2,673 households out of which 36.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.7% were non-families. 21.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the town the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 93.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $84,156, and the median income for a family was $100,137. Males had a median income of $79,045 versus $41,397 for females. The per capita income for the town was $42,909. About 1.2% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.3% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Cohasset operates its own school department for the town’s approximately 1,500 students. The Osgood Elementary School serves students from pre-kindergarten through second grade. The Deer Hill Elementary School, located adjacent to the Osgood School, serves students from grades 3–5. The town operates a combined Middle/High School, which is located just over Bear Hill from the other two schools. Cohasset’s athletics teams are known as the Skippers, and their colors are navy blue and white. They compete in the South Shore League, and their chief rival is Hull High School.

The athletic programs offered to Cohasset High School students include Baseball, Lacrosee, Ice Hockey, Basketball, Tennis, Football (which won the 2014 Division VI Super Bowl, and made it to the 2013 Division VI Super Bowl, but lost), Soccer, Competitive Swimming, Track and Field, Sailing, Ski Team, Wrestling, and a Competitive Debate Team.

High school students may also choose to attend South Shore Vocational Technical High School in Hanover free of charge. There are no private schools in Cohasset, but there are several in neighboring Hingham and the towns west of it.

Transportation[edit]

No divided highways run through Cohasset. The longest state route through the town is Route 3A, which curves through the town between Scituate and Hingham. Route 228runs along the border with Hingham, crossing the Weir River into Hull. The nearest airport to Cohasset is Marshfield Municipal Airport. The nearest national and international air service can be reached at Logan International Airport in Boston. T. F. Green Airport, located outside Providence, Rhode Island, is an alternative to this airport, although it is located further away.

The MBTA Bus system services the bordering town of Hingham. The MBTA‘s commuter rail Greenbush Line has a Cohasset station off Route 3A, just east of a cemetery.[21]

Notable people[edit]

Media[edit]

Movies filmed in Cohasset:

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ “Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State – County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File”. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-06-26.
  2. Jump up^ History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts, Vol. I, Thomas Tracy Bouve et al., Published by the Town, 1893. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b “Congregational History”. First Parish of Cohasset. December 28, 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-06.
  4. Jump up^ A Narrative History of the Town of Cohasset, Massachusetts, Edwin Victor Bigelow, Published Under the Auspices of the Committee on Town History, Press of Samuel Usher, Boston, Mass., 1898. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  5. Jump up^ “Information and Historical Data on Cities, Towns and Counties in Massachusetts”. Sec.state.ma.us. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  6. Jump up^ “Climate Summary for Cohasset, Massachusetts”. Weatherbase.com. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  7. Jump up^ “Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from”. Mass.gov. Retrieved 2014-02-25.
  8. Jump up^ Station D-1, SP Norwell Archived November 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. Jump up^ “Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008” (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08.
  10. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  11. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  17. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  20. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  21. Jump up^ Greenbush Line Construction website
  22. Jump up^ http://web.mit.edu/polisci/people/faculty/lincoln-bloomfield.shtml
  23. Jump up^ Strasburg, Jenny (30 July 2008). “Lone Star’s Splash”. WSJ. Retrieved 29 July 2015.

External links[edit]

Dentist in Worcester, Mass. 01606

doctor, dentist, dental

There are lots of Dentists in Massachusetts. Actually, they all have access to fastened standards of training, ways and information in regards to the recent building within the dental field. Then again, no longer all of them are just right at what they do, and because of this for those who occur to fall in their fingers, you’ll get mediocre services or a minimum of really feel so, thanks to the truth that each and every individual has their own personalities and attitudes which may not resonate well with all sufferers. But that’s also where we are available in when you discuss discovering the most productive dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We are friendly and accountable

Our group of workers have a high degree of expertise in all dental spaces, plus we are dedicated and overly ambitious in our job. Because of the fascinating personalities of our crew contributors, sufferers have consistently constructed the feeling of trust in our judgement. For a few unexplained reasons, our clients have all the time relied on that we’re the most productive in Massachusetts. They’ve all the time confirmed confidence that we are the appropriate folks to wait to their dental needs. But how do we be ready to deal with this courting with our purchasers? Find a dentist office near me.

Neatly, our staff of dental practitioners is constructed from friendly and responsible team of workers contributors who be offering a streamlined appointment procedure, while to ensure that our interaction with patients is always delightful and remarkable. This manner, now we have managed to draw many consumers to our health facility in Massachusetts, and we believe that our friendliness and reputation as an entire talk on our behalf. Find a dentist office near me.

We perform in a blank and up to date place of work

Most of the people in the market hang the conclusion that eating place restrooms are an indication of kitchen cleanliness. However, the similar can also be said a couple of dentist’s place of work in Massachusetts. Because of this, we have now invested in a clean and brand new place of work which is also supplied with up to date equipment to lend a hand us do a neat process. Each client who walks via our doors finally end up feeling happy after figuring out that we are the ultimate pros in the case of dental care and treatment.

We’re very much excited about serving others

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Worcester, Massachusetts

Downtown Worcester, Massachusetts.jpg
City Hall - Worcester, Massachusetts USA.JPG Union Station November 2012.JPG
Worcester Public Library.JPG DCU Center - Worcester, Massachusetts USA.JPG
WorcesterMA AntiquarianSociety 2.jpg JonasClarkBuilding.JPG
Paul Revere Road Worcester.JPG Charles Lundberg Three Decker, Worcester MA.jpg
Flag of Worcester, Massachusetts
Flag
Official seal of Worcester, Massachusetts
Seal
Nickname(s): The City of the Seven Hills, The Heart of the Commonwealth, Wormtown, Woo-town, The Woo
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts
Location in Worcester County and the state of Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts is located in the US

Worcester, Massachusetts
Worcester, Massachusetts

Location in the United States

Coordinates: 42°16′N 71°48′WCoordinates: 42°16′N 71°48′W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Worcester
Settled 1673
Incorporated as a town June 14, 1722
Incorporated as a city February 29, 1848
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • City Manager Edward M. Augustus, Jr.
 • Mayor Joseph Petty
Area
 • City 38.6 sq mi (99.9 km2)
 • Land 37.6 sq mi (97.3 km2)
 • Water 1.0 sq mi (2.6 km2)
Elevation 480 ft (146 m)
Population (2014 est.)
 • City 183,016
 • Density 4,678.1/sq mi (1,807.8/km2)
 • Metro 923,672
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01601–01610, 01612–01615, 01653–01655
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 0 25-82000
GNIS feature ID 0617867
Website www.worcesterma.gov

Worcester (/ˈwʊstər/ wuuss-tər, locally also Listeni/ˈwstə/ wiss-tə)[1] is a city and the historic county seat of Worcester County, Massachusetts, United States until most of Massachusetts disbanded county government in 1998. Named after Worcester, England, as of the 2010 Census the city’s population was 181,045,[2] making it the second largest city in New England after Boston.[3] Worcester is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) west of Boston, 50 miles (80 km) east of Springfield and 40 miles (64 km) north of Providence. Due to its location in Central Massachusetts, amidst Massachusetts’ major metropolitan regions, Worcester is known as the “Heart of the Commonwealth”, thus, a heart is the official symbol of the city. However, the heart symbol may also have its provenance in lore that Valentine’s Day cards were invented in the city.[4]

Worcester was considered its own region for centuries; however, with the encroachment of Boston’s suburbs in the 1970s after the construction of Interstate 495 and Interstate 290, it now marks the western periphery of the Boston-Worcester-Providence (MA-RI-NH) U.S. Census Combined Statistical Area (CSA), or Greater Boston. The city features many examples of Victorian-era mill architecture.

History[edit]

History and corner stone of Worcester, Massachusetts

The area was first inhabited by members of the Nipmuc tribe. The native people called the region Quinsigamond and built a settlement on Pakachoag Hill in Auburn.[5]In 1673 English settlers John Eliot and Daniel Gookin led an expedition to Quinsigamond to establish a new Christian Indian “praying town” and identify a new location for an English settlement. On July 13, 1674, Gookin obtained a deed to eight square miles of land in Quinsigamond from the Nipmuc people and English traders and settlers began to inhabit the region.[6]

In 1675, King Philip’s War broke out throughout New England with the Nipmuc Indians coming to the aid of Indian leader King Philip. The English settlers completely abandoned the Quinsigamond area and the empty buildings were burned by the Indian forces. The town was again abandoned during Queen Anne’s War in 1702.[6]Finally in 1713, Worcester was permanently resettled for a third time by Jonas Rice.[7] Named after the city of Worcester, England, the town was incorporated on June 14, 1722.[8] On April 2, 1731, Worcester was chosen as the county seat of the newly founded Worcester County government. Between 1755 and 1758, future U.S. president John Adams worked as a schoolteacher and studied law in Worcester.

Star on the sidewalk marking where the Declaration of Independence was first read

The Star on the Sidewalk indicates the spot of the first reading in New England of the Declaration of Independence in 1776[9]

In the 1770s, Worcester became a center of American revolutionary activity. British General Thomas Gage was given information of patriot ammunition stockpiled in Worcester in 1775. Also in 1775, Massachusetts Spy publisher Isaiah Thomas moved his radical newspaper out of British occupied Boston to Worcester. Thomas would continuously publish his paper throughout the American Revolutionary War. On July 14, 1776, Thomas performed the first public reading in Massachusetts of the Declaration of Independence in front of the Worcester town hall. He would later go on to form the American Antiquarian Society in Worcester in 1812.[10]

Triple-deckers on Houghton Street

During the turn of the 19th century Worcester’s economy moved into manufacturing. Factories producing textiles, shoes and clothing opened along the nearby Blackstone River. However, the manufacturing industry in Worcester would not begin to thrive until the opening of the Blackstone Canal in 1828 and the opening of the Worcester and Boston Railroad in 1835. The city transformed into a transportation hub and the manufacturing industry flourished.[11] Worcester was officially chartered as a city on February 29, 1848.[8] The city’s industries soon attracted immigrants of primarily Irish, French, and Swedish descent in the mid-19th century and later many immigrants of Lithuanian, Polish, Italian, Greek, Turkish and Armenian descent.[12] Immigrants moved into new triple-decker houses which lined hundreds of Worcester’s expanding streets and neighborhoods.[13]

Worcester Common in 1907, established in 1669

In 1831 Ichabod Washburn opened the Washburn & Moen Company. The company would become the largest wire manufacturing in the country and Washburn became one of the leading industrial and philanthropic figures in the city.[12][14]

Worcester would become a center of machinery, wire products and power looms and boasted large manufacturers, Washburn & Moen, Wyman-Gordon Company, American Steel & Wire, Morgan Construction and the Norton Company. In 1908 the Royal Worcester Corset Factory was the largest employer of women in the United States.[15]

Worcester would also claim many inventions and firsts. New England Candlepin bowling was invented in Worcester by Justin White in 1879. Esther Howland began the first line of Valentine’s Day cards from her Worcester home in 1847. Loring Coes invented the first monkey wrench and Russell Hawes created the first envelope folding machine.[16] On June 12, 1880, Lee Richmond pitched the first perfect game in Major league baseball history for the Worcester Ruby Legs at the Worcester Agricultural Fairgrounds.[16]

American Steel & Wire Company, c. 1905, employer of about 5,000

On June 9, 1953 a F4 tornado touched down in Petersham, Massachusetts northwest of Worcester. The tornado tore through 48 miles of Worcester County including a large area of the city of Worcester. The tornado left massive destruction and killed 94 people. The Worcester Tornado would be the most deadly tornado to ever hit Massachusetts.[17] Debris from the tornado landed as far away as Dedham, Massachusetts.[18]

After World War II, Worcester began to fall into decline as the city lost its manufacturing base to cheaper alternatives across the country and overseas. Worcester felt the national trends of movement away from historic urban centers. The city’s population would drop over 20% from 1950 to 1980. In the mid-20th century large urban renewal projects were undertaken to try and reverse the city’s decline. A huge area of downtown Worcester was demolished for new office towers and the 1,000,000 sq. ft. Worcester Center Galleria shopping mall.[19] After only 30 years the Galleria would lose most of its major tenants and lose its appeal to more suburban shopping malls around Worcester County. In the 1960s, Interstate 290 was built right through the center of Worcester, permanently dividing the city. In 1963, Worcester native Harvey Ball introduced the iconic yellow smiley face to American culture.[20][21]

In the late 20th century Worcester’s economy began to recover as the city expanded into biotechnology and healthcare fields.[22] The UMass Medical School has become a leader in biomedical research and the Massachusetts Biotechnology Research Park has become a center of medical research and development.[22]Worcester hospitals Saint Vincent Hospital and UMass Memorial Health Care have become two of the largest employers in the city. Worcester’s many colleges, including the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester Polytechnic Institute, Clark University, UMass Medical School, Assumption College, MCPHS University, Becker College, and Worcester State University, attract many students to the area and help drive the new economy.

The Hanover Theatre for the Performing Arts reopened in Franklin Square in 2008

On December 3, 1999 a homeless man and his girlfriend accidentally started a five-alarm fire at the Worcester Cold Storage & Warehouse Company. The fire took the lives of six firemen and drew national attention as one of the worst firefighting tragedies in the late 20th century.[23]President Bill Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and other local and national dignitaries attended the funeral service and memorial program in Worcester.[23]

In recent decades, a renewed interest in the city’s downtown has brought new investment and construction to Worcester. A Convention Center was built along the DCU Center arena in downtown Worcester in 1997.[24] In 2000, Worcester’s Union Station reopened after 25 years of neglect and a $32 million renovation. Hanover Insurance helped fund a multimillion-dollar renovation to the old Franklin Square Theater into the Hanover Theatre for the Performing Arts.[25] In 2000, the Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences built a new campus in downtown Worcester.[26] In 2007 WPI opened the first facility in their new Gateway Park center in Lincoln Square.[27] In 2004, Berkeley Investments proposed demolishing the old Worcester Center Galleria for a new mixed-used development called City Square. The ambitious project looked to reconnect old street patterns while creating a new retail, commercial and living destination in the city.[28] After struggling to secure finances for a number of years Hanover Insurance took over the project and demolition began on September 13, 2010. Unum Insurance and the Saint Vincent Hospital leased into the project and both facilities opened in 2013. The new Front Street opened on December 31, 2012.[29]

Geography[edit]

Worcester has a total area 38.6 square miles (100 km2). 37.6 square miles (97 km2) of it is land and 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2) (roughly 2.59%) is water. Worcester is bordered by the towns of Auburn, Grafton, Holden, Leicester, Millbury, Paxton, Shrewsbury, and West Boylston.

Worcester is known as the Heart of the Commonwealth, because of its proximity to the center of Massachusetts. The city is about 45 miles (72 km) west of Boston, 40 miles (64 km) east of Springfield, and 38 miles (61 km) northwest of Providence, Rhode Island.

The Blackstone River forms in the center of Worcester by the confluence of the Middle River and Mill Brook. The river courses underground through the center of the city, and emerges at the foot of College Hill. It then flows south through Quinsigamond Village and into Millbury. Worcester is the beginning of the Blackstone Valley that frames the river. The Blackstone Canal was once an important waterway connecting Worcester to Providence and the Eastern Seaboard, but the canal fell into disuse at the end of the 19th century and was mostly covered up. In recent years, local organizations including the Canal District Business Association have proposed restoring the canal and creating a Blackstone Valley National Park.[30]

Worcester is one of many cities claimed, like Rome, to be found on seven hills: Airport Hill, Bancroft Hill, Belmont Hill (Bell Hill), Grafton Hill, Green Hill, Pakachoag Hill and Vernon Hill. However, Worcester has more than seven hills including Indian Hill, Newton Hill, Poet’s Hill, and Wigwam Hill.

Worcester has many ponds and two prominent lakes: Indian Lake and Lake Quinsigamond. Lake Quinsigamond (also known as Long Pond) stretches four miles across the Worcester and Shrewsbury border and is a very popular competitive rowing and boating destination.

Climate[edit]

Worcester’s humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) is typical of New England. The weather changes rapidly owing to the confluence of warm, humid air from the southwest; cool, dry air from the north; and the moderating influence of the Atlantic Ocean to the east. Summers are typically warm and humid, while winters are cold, windy, and snowy. Snow typically falls from the second half of November into early April,[31] with occasional falls in October; May snow is much rarer. The USDA classifies the city as straddling hardiness zones5b and 6a.[32]

The hottest month is July, with a 24-hour average of 70.2 °F (21.2 °C), while the coldest is January, at 24.1 °F (−4.4 °C). There is an average of only 3.5 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs and 4.1 nights of lows at or below 0 °F (−18 °C) per year, and periods of both extremes are rarely sustained. The all-time record high temperature is 102 °F (39 °C), recorded on July 4, 1911,[33] the only 100 °F (38 °C) or greater temperature to date. The all-time record low temperature is −24 °F (−31 °C), recorded on February 16, 1943.[34]

The city averages 48.1 inches (1,220 mm) of precipitation a year, as well as an average of 64.1 inches (163 cm) of snowfall a season, receiving far more snow than coastal locations less than 40 miles (64 km) away. Massachusetts’ geographic location, jutting out into the North Atlantic, makes the city very prone to Nor’easter weather systems that can dump heavy snow on the region.

While rare, the city has had its share of extreme weather. On September 21, 1938, the city was hit by the brutal New England Hurricane of 1938. Fifteen years later, Worcester was hit by a tornado that killed 94 people. The deadliest tornado in New England history, it damaged a large part of the city and surrounding towns. It struck Assumption Preparatory School, now the site of Quinsigamond Community College.

[hide]Climate data for Worcester, Massachusetts (Worcester Regional Airport), 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1892–present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
67
(19)
84
(29)
91
(33)
94
(34)
98
(37)
102
(39)
99
(37)
99
(37)
91
(33)
79
(26)
72
(22)
102
(39)
Mean maximum °F (°C) 52.9
(11.6)
53.8
(12.1)
66.3
(19.1)
78.2
(25.7)
84.1
(28.9)
87.5
(30.8)
89.5
(31.9)
88.1
(31.2)
83.7
(28.7)
74.7
(23.7)
66.7
(19.3)
56.7
(13.7)
91.2
(32.9)
Average high °F (°C) 31.3
(−0.4)
34.6
(1.4)
42.9
(6.1)
55.1
(12.8)
65.9
(18.8)
74.1
(23.4)
78.9
(26.1)
77.3
(25.2)
69.6
(20.9)
58.3
(14.6)
47.6
(8.7)
36.3
(2.4)
56.0
(13.3)
Average low °F (°C) 16.8
(−8.4)
19.4
(−7)
26.5
(−3.1)
37.0
(2.8)
46.8
(8.2)
56.0
(13.3)
61.5
(16.4)
60.4
(15.8)
52.9
(11.6)
41.7
(5.4)
33.0
(0.6)
22.6
(−5.2)
39.6
(4.2)
Mean minimum °F (°C) −2.3
(−19.1)
1.5
(−16.9)
8.1
(−13.3)
24.4
(−4.2)
35.6
(2)
44.1
(6.7)
52.3
(11.3)
49.7
(9.8)
39.2
(4)
28.6
(−1.9)
17.6
(−8)
4.3
(−15.4)
−4.6
(−20.3)
Record low °F (°C) −19
(−28)
−24
(−31)
−6
(−21)
9
(−13)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
41
(5)
38
(3)
27
(−3)
19
(−7)
3
(−16)
−17
(−27)
−24
(−31)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.49
(88.6)
3.23
(82)
4.21
(106.9)
4.11
(104.4)
4.19
(106.4)
4.19
(106.4)
4.23
(107.4)
3.71
(94.2)
3.93
(99.8)
4.68
(118.9)
4.28
(108.7)
3.82
(97)
48.07
(1,220.7)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 17.1
(43.4)
15.6
(39.6)
11.4
(29)
2.8
(7.1)
trace 0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.2
(0.5)
2.6
(6.6)
14.4
(36.6)
64.1
(162.8)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 12.5 10.5 12.9 12.4 13.6 12.3 10.9 10.1 9.9 10.5 11.6 12.2 139.4
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 8.5 7.0 6.0 1.6 0 0 0 0 0 0.2 1.4 7.0 31.7
Source: NOAA[31][35][36]

Neighborhoods[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 2,095
1800 2,411 15.1%
1810 2,577 6.9%
1820 2,962 14.9%
1830 4,173 40.9%
1840 7,497 79.7%
1850 17,049 127.4%
1860 24,960 46.4%
1870 41,105 64.7%
1880 58,291 41.8%
1890 84,655 45.2%
1900 118,421 39.9%
1910 145,986 23.3%
1920 179,754 23.1%
1930 195,311 8.7%
1940 193,694 −0.8%
1950 203,486 5.1%
1960 186,587 −8.3%
1970 176,572 −5.4%
1980 161,799 −8.4%
1990 169,759 4.9%
2000 172,648 1.7%
2010 181,045 4.9%
Est. 2015 184,815 [37] 2.1%
source:[38]

Successive waves of immigrants have in the past formed coherent ethnic enclaves, some of which continue to contribute to the rich ethnic texture of Worcester today. Swedessettled in Quinsigamond Village and Greendale, Italians settled along Shrewsbury Street, Irish and Poles settled around Kelley Square, Lithuanians settled on Vernon Hill, and Jews built their first synagogues on Green Island and Union Hill. The African-American community has existed since colonial times. Since the late 19th century, Grafton Hill and Vernon Hill have been points of entry for immigrants from all over the world: Irish, Italians, Lithuanians, Poles, Syrians, Lebanese, Indians, Puerto Ricans, French Canadians, and more recently, Albanians and Brazilians. Other prominent groups include Congolese, Russians, Armenians, Vietnamese, Liberians, Ghanaians and Greeks.

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Worcester had a population of 181,045, of which 88,150 (48.7%) were male and 92,895 (51.3%) were female. In terms of age, 77.9% were over 18 years old and 11.7% were over 65 years old; the median age is 33.4 years. The median age for males is 32.1 years and 34.7 years for females.

In terms of race and ethnicity, Worcester’s population was 69.4% White, 11.6% Black or African American, 0.4% American Indian and Alaska Native, 6.1% Asian (3.0% Vietnamese, 0.9% Chinese, and 0.8% Asian Indian), <0.1% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 8.4% from Some Other Race, and 4.0% from Two or More Races (1.2% White and Black or African American; 1.0% White and Some Other Race). Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 20.9% of the population (12.7% Puerto Rican).[39] Non-Hispanic Whites were 59.6% of the population in 2010,[40] down from 96.8% in 1970.[41]

Income[edit]

Data is from the 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[42][43][44]

Rank ZIP Code (ZCTA) Per capita
income
Median
household
income
Median
family
income
Population Number of
households
Massachusetts $35,763 $66,866 $84,900 6,605,058 2,530,147
1 01606 $32,781 $66,912 $86,452 19,495 8,032
Worcester County $31,537 $65,223 $81,519 802,688 299,663
2 01602 $31,101 $62,832 $77,807 23,707 9,025
United States $28,155 $53,046 $64,719 311,536,594 115,610,216
3 01604 $27,119 $49,797 $54,984 34,720 14,388
Worcester $24,330 $45,932 $57,704 181,901 68,850
4 01607 $24,044 $45,152 $56,815 8,957 3,602
5 01609 $23,846 $40,660 $60,867 21,178 7,183
6 01603 $22,315 $48,183 $55,000 19,385 7,243
7 01605 $21,639 $37,705 $40,710 27,279 10,640
8 01610 $14,040 $30,532 $35,372 23,964 7,453
9 01608 $11,315 $19,418 $19,727 3,558 1,455

Government[edit]

County-level state agency heads
Clerk of Courts: Dennis P. McManus (D)
District Attorney: Joseph D. Early, Jr. (D)
Register of Deeds: Anthony J. Vigliotti (D)
Register of Probate: Stephanie K. Fattman (R)
County Sheriff: Lew Evangelidis (R)
State government
State Representative(s): James O’Day (D)Kate Campanale (R)
Dan Donahue (D)
John Mahoney (D)
Mary Keefe (D)
State Senator(s): Michael Moore (D)
Harriet L. Chandler (D)
Governor’s Councilor(s): Jen Caissie (R)
Federal government
U.S. Representative(s): James P. McGovern (D-2nd District),
U.S. Senators: Elizabeth Warren (D), Ed Markey (D)

Worcester is governed by a Council-manager government with a popularly elected mayor. A city council acts as the legislative body, and the council-appointed manager handles the traditional day-to-day chief executive functions.

City councilors can run as either a representative of a city district or as an at-large candidate. The winning at-large candidate who receives the greatest number of votes for mayor becomes the mayor (at-large councilor candidates must ask to be removed from the ballot for mayor if they do not want to be listed on the mayoral ballot). As a result, voters must vote for their mayoral candidate twice, once as an at-large councilor, and once as the mayor. The mayor has no more authority than other city councilors, but is the ceremonial head of the city and chair of the city council and school committee. Currently, there are 11 councilors: 6 at-large and 5 district.

Worcester’s first charter, which went into effect in 1848, established a Mayor/Bicameral form of government. Together, the two chambers — the 11-member Board of Aldermen and the 30-member Common Council — were vested with complete legislative powers. The mayor handled all administrative departments, though appointments to those departments had to be approved by the two-chamber City Council.

Seeking to replace the 1848 charter, Worcester voters in November 1947 approved a change to Plan E municipal government. In effect from January 1949 until November 1985, this charter (as outlined in chapter 43 of the Massachusetts General Laws) established City Council/City Manager government. This type of governance, with modifications, has survived to the present day.

Initially, Plan E government in Worcester was organized as a 9-member council (all at-large), a ceremonial mayor elected from the council by the councilors, and a council-appointed city manager. The manager oversees the daily administration of the city, makes all appointments to city offices, and can be removed at any time by a majority vote of the Council. The mayor chairs the city council and the school committee, and does not have the power to veto any vote.[45]

Downtown Worcester, with City Hall(1898) at right

In 1983, Worcester voters again decided to change the city charter. This “Home Rule” charter (named for the method of adoption of the charter) is similar to Plan E, the major changes being to the structure of the council and the election of the mayor. The 9-member Council became 11, 6 at-large and 1 from each city district. The mayor is chosen by popular election, but must also run and win as an at-large councilor.

Politics[edit]

Massachusetts Vietnam Veterans’ Memorial, erected in 2002

Lincoln Square c. 1912

Worcester’s history of social progressivism includes a number of temperance and abolitionist movements. It was a leader in the women’s suffrage movement: The first national convention advocating women’s rights was held in Worcester, October 23–24, 1850.[46]

Two of the nation’s most radical abolitionists, Abby Kelley Foster and her husband Stephen S. Foster, adopted Worcester as their home, as did Thomas Wentworth Higginson, the editor of The Atlantic Monthly and Emily Dickinson‘s avuncular correspondent, and Unitarian minister Rev. Edward Everett Hale.

The area was already home to Lucy Stone, Eli Thayer, and Samuel May, Jr. They were joined in their political activities by networks of related Quaker families such as the Earles and the Chases, whose organizing efforts were crucial to the anti-slavery cause in central Massachusetts and throughout New England.

Anarchist Emma Goldman and two others opened an ice cream shop in 1892. “It was spring and not yet warm,” Goldman later wrote, “but the coffee I brewed, our sandwiches, and dainty dishes were beginning to be appreciated. Within a short time we were able to invest in a soda-water fountain and some lovely coloured dishes.”[47]

On October 19, 1924, the largest gathering of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK) ever held in New England took place at the Agricultural Fairgrounds in Worcester. Klansmen in sheets and hoods, new Knights awaiting a mass induction ceremony, and supporters swelled the crowd to 15,000. The KKK had hired more than 400 “husky guards”, but when the rally ended around midnight, a riot broke out. Klansmen’s cars were stoned and burned, and their windows smashed. KKK members were pulled from their cars and beaten. Klansmen called for police protection, but the situation raged out of control for most of the night. The violence after the “Klanvocation” had the desired effect: Membership fell off, and no further public Klan meetings were held in Worcester[citation needed].

Robert Stoddard, owner of The Telegram and Gazette, was one of the founders of the John Birch Society.

Sixties era radical Abbie Hoffman was born in Worcester in 1936 and spent more than half of his life there.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of August 20, 2014 – Worcester[48]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Democratic 47,275 44%
Republican 9,310 9%
Unenrolled 50,397 47%
Political Designations 0 0%
Total 107,686 100%

Public safety[edit]

For public safety needs, the City of Worcester is protected by both the Worcester Fire Department and the Worcester Police Department.

Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are provided by UMass Memorial Medical Center under contract with the city. Originally operated by Worcester City Hospital and later by the University of Massachusetts Medical School, “Worcester EMS” operates exclusively at the advanced life support (ALS) level, with two paramedics staffing each ambulance. UMass Memorial EMS maintains two community EMS stations and operates a fleet of 18 ambulances, as well as a special-operations trailer, several other support vehicles, and a bike team. The agency responds to over 32,000 calls for medical assistance annually. UMass Memorial EMS operates the EMS Communications Center, which is a secondary PSAP and provides emergency medical dispatch (EMD) services to Worcester and other communities.

Economy[edit]

By the mid-19th century Worcester was one of the largest manufacturing centers in New England. The city’s large industries specialized in machinery, wire production, and power looms. And although manufacturing has largely declined, the city still maintains large manufactures, like Norton Abrasives, which was bought by Saint-Gobain in 1990, Morgan Construction and the David Clark Company. The David Clark Companypioneered aeronautical equipment including anti-gravity suits and noise attenuating headsets.

The Hanover Insurance Group

Services, particularly education and healthcare make up a large portion of the city’s economy. Worcester’s many colleges and universities make higher education a considerable presence in the city’s economy. Hanover Insurance was founded in 1852 and retains its headquarters in Worcester. Unum Insurance and Fallon Community Health Plan have offices in the city. Polar Beverages is the largest independent soft-drink bottler in the country and is located in Worcester.

University of Massachusetts Medical School‘s Lazare Research Building

The biotechnology and technology industries have helped spur major expansions at both the University of Massachusetts Medical School and Worcester Polytechnic Institute. The Massachusetts Biotechnology Research Park hosts many innovative companies including Advanced Cell Technology and Abbott Laboratories. The Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology located in nearby Shrewsbury developed the oral contraceptive pill in 1951.

Downtown Worcester used to boast major Boston retailers Filene’s and Jordan Marsh as well Worcester’s own department stores Barnard’s and Denholm & McKay. Over time most retailers moved away from downtown and into the suburban Auburn Mall and Greendale Mall in North Worcester.

In 2010,[49] the median household income was $61,212. Median income for the family was $76,485. The per capita income was $29,316. About 7.7% of families and 10.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.1% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over. In October 2013, Worcester was found to be the number five city for investing in a rental property.[50]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City’s 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[51] the top ten employers in the city are:

# Employer # of employees
1 UMass Memorial Health Care 13,764
2 University of Massachusetts Medical School 5,678
3 City of Worcester 5,128
4 Saint Vincent Hospital 2,386
5 Hanover Insurance 1,850
6 Saint-Gobain 1,807
7 Reliant Medical Group 1,801
8 Polar Beverages 1,400
9 College of the Holy Cross 1,107
10 Quinsigamond Community College 900

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Worcester’s public schools educate more than 23,000 students in kindergarten through 12th grade.[52] The system consists of 33 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, 7 high schools,[53] and 13 other learning centers such as magnet schools, alternative schools, and special education schools. The city’s public school system also administers an adult education component called “Night Life”, and operates a Public-access television cable TV station on channel 11.

The Massachusetts Academy of Math and Science was founded in 1992 as a public secondary school located at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute.

One notable charter school in the city is Abby Kelley Foster Charter Public School, which teaches kindergarten through 12th grade. It is granted status by Massachusetts as a Level 1 school. It is the one of 834 schools in the United States to offer the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme.

Worcester Technical High School, or Worcester Tech.’s graduating class of 2014 was honored by having president Barack Obama as the speaker at their graduation ceremony. Their principal, Sheila Harrity, was awarded the national title of Principal of the Year by NASSP.

Twenty-one private and parochial schools are also found throughout Worcester, including the city’s oldest educational institution, Worcester Academy, founded in 1834, and Bancroft School, founded in 1900.

The most known public schools include North High School, South High School, Doherty High School, Abby Kelley Foster, Worcester Technical High School and Burncoat High School.

Higher education[edit]

Boynton Hall, 1868, designed by Worcester architect Stephen Earle, Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Warner Memorial Theater, opened 1932, designed by Drew Eberson, Worcester Academy

Worcester is home to several institutes of higher education.

  • Assumption College is the fourth oldest Roman Catholic college in New England and was founded in 1904. At 175 acres (0.71 km2), it has the largest campus in Worcester.
  • Becker College is a private college with campuses in Worcester and Leicester, Massachusetts. It was founded in Leicester in 1784 as Leicester Academy. The Worcester campus was founded in 1887, and the two campuses merged into Becker College in 1977. Becker’s video game design program has consistently been ranked in the top 10 in the U.S. and Canada.[54]
  • Clark University was founded in 1887 as the first all-graduate school in the country; it now also educates undergraduates and is noted for its strengths in psychology and geography. Its first president was G. Stanley Hall, the founder of organized psychology as a science and profession, father of the child study movement, and founder of the American Psychological Association. Well-known professors include Albert A. Michelson, who won the first American Nobel Prize in 1902 for his measurement of light. Robert H. Goddard, a pioneering rocket scientist of the space age also studied and taught here, and, in his only visit to the United States, Sigmund Freud delivered his five famous “Clark Lectures” at the university. Clark offers the only program in the country leading to a Ph.D. in Holocaust History and Genocide Studies.
  • The Jesuit College of the Holy Cross, was founded in 1843 and is the oldest Roman Catholic college in New England and one of the oldest in the United States. Well-known graduates include Dr. Joseph E. Murray, Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine, Billy Collins, former Poet Laureate of the United States, Bob Cousy, and Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas. In 2013, the College of the Holy Cross was ranked by U.S. News and World Report as the nation’s 25th highest-rated liberal arts college.[55]
  • The Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences Worcester Campus houses the institution’s Doctor of Optometry program, accelerated programs in Nursing and Doctor of Pharmacy, Master’s program New England School of Acupuncture, as well as the Master’s program in Physician Assistant Studies for post-baccalaureate students.
  • Quinsigamond Community College.
  • The University of Massachusetts Medical School (1970) is one of the nation’s top 50 medical schools. Dr. Craig Mello won the 2006 Nobel Prize for Medicine. The University of Massachusetts Medical School is ranked fourth in primary care education among America’s 125 medical schools in the 2006 U.S. News & World Report annual guide “America’s Best Graduate Schools”.[56]
  • Worcester Polytechnic Institute (1865) is an innovative leader in engineering education and partnering with local biotechnology industries. Robert Goddard, the father of modern rocketry, graduated from WPI in 1908 with a Bachelor of Science in physics.
  • Worcester State University is a public, 4-year college founded in 1874 as Worcester Normal School.

An early higher education institution, the Oread Institute, closed in 1934.

Many of these institutions participate in the Colleges of Worcester Consortium. This independent, non-profit collegiate association includes academic institutions in Worcester and other communities in Worcester County, such as Anna Maria College in neighboring Paxton. It facilitates cooperation among the colleges and universities. One example of this being its inter-college shuttle bus and student cross registration.

Other programs[edit]

Worcester is the home of Dynamy, a “residential internship program” in the United States.[57] The organization was founded in 1969.

Culture[edit]

Mechanics Hall concert

Bancroft Tower stands atop Bancroft Hill and was erected in 1900 by Stephen Salisbury III in honor of his childhood friendship with George Bancroft.[58]

Much of Worcester culture is synonymous with Boston and New England culture. The city’s name is notoriously mispronounced by people unfamiliar with the city. As with the city in England, the first syllable of “cester” (castra) is left entirely unvoiced. Combined with a predominantly non-rhotic version of a New England accent, the name can be transcribed in General American as WOOS-tah or WISS-tah; see close central unrounded vowel.[59]

Worcester has many traditionally ethnic neighborhoods, including Quinsigamond Village (Swedish), Shrewsbury Street (Italian) Kelley Square (Irish and Polish) Vernon Hill (Lithuanian) and Union Hill (Jewish).

Shrewsbury Street is Worcester’s traditional “Little Italy” neighborhood and today boasts many of the city’s most popular restaurants and nightlife.[60] The Canal District was once an old eastern European neighborhood, but has been redeveloped into a very popular bar, restaurant and club scene.[61] Worcester is also famously the former home of the Worcester Lunch Car Company. The company began in 1906 and built many famous lunch car diners in New England. Worcester is home to many classic lunch car diners including Boulevard Diner, Corner Lunch, Chadwick Square Diner, and Miss Worcester Diner.

There are also many dedicated community organizations and art associations located in the city. stART on the Street is an annual festival promoting local art. The Worcester Music Festival and New England Metal and Hardcore Festival are also held annually in Worcester. The Worcester County St. Patrick’s Parade runs through Worcester and is one of the largest St. Patrick’s Daycelebrations in the state. The city also hosts the second oldest First Night celebration in the country each New Year’s Eve.

Worcester is also the state’s largest center for the arts outside of Boston. Mechanics Hall, built in 1857, is one of the oldest concert halls in the country and is renowned for its pure acoustics.[62] In 2008 the old Poli Palace Theatre reopened as the Hanover Theatre for the Performing Arts.[63] The theatre brings many Broadway shows and nationally recognized performers to the city. Tuckerman Hall, designed by one of the country’s earliest woman architects, Josephine Wright Chapman, is home to the Massachusetts Symphony Orchestra. The DCU Center arena and convention holds many large concerts, exhibitions and conventions in the city. The Worcester County Poetry Association sponsors readings by national and local poets in the city and the Worcester Center for Crafts provides craft education and skills to the community. Worcester is also home to the Worcester Youth Orchestras.[64] Founded in 1947 by Harry Levenson, it is the 3rd oldest youth orchestra in the country and regularly performs at Mechanics Hall.

The nickname Wormtown is synonymous with the city’s once large underground rock music scene. The nickname has now become used to refer to the city itself.[65][66][67]

Sites of interest[edit]

Elm Park Iron Bridge Worcester Massachusetts

The Elm Park Iron Bridge Worcester Massachusetts

Worcester has 1,200 acres of publicly owned property. Notable parks include Elm Park, which was laid out by Frederick Law Olmsted in 1854, and the City Common laid out in 1669. Both parks are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[68] The largest park in the city is the 549 acre Green Hill Park. The park was donated by the Green family in 1903 and includes the Green Hill Park Shelter built in 1910. In 2002, the Massachusetts Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Green Hill Park. Other Parks, include Newton Hill, East Park, Morgan Park, Shore Park, Crompton Park, Hadwen Park, Institute Park and University Park. As a former manufacturing center, Worcester has many historic 19th century buildings and on the National Register of Historic Places, including the old facilities of the Crompton Loom Works, Ashworth and Jones Factory and Worcester Corset Company Factory.

The Burnside Fountain, also known as the Turtle Boy statue is a local landmark located on the Worcester Common

The American Antiquarian Society has been located in Worcester since 1812. The national library and society has one of the largest collections of early American history in the world. The city’s main museum is the Worcester Art Museum established in 1898. The museum is the second largest art museum in New England, behind the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.[69] From 1931 to 2013, Worcester was home to the Higgins Armory Museum, which was the sole museum dedicated to arms and armor in the country.[70] Its collection and endowment were transferred and integrated into the Worcester Art Museum, with the collection to be shown in a new gallery slated to open in 2015. The non-profit Veterans Inc. is headquartered at the southern tip of Grove Street in the historic Massachusetts National Guard Armory building.

The Worcester Memorial Auditorium is one of the most prominent buildings in the city. Built as a World War I war memorial in 1933, the multipurpose auditorium has hosted many of the Worcester’s most famous concerts and sporting events.

Sports[edit]

Worcester was home to Marshall Walter (“Major”) Taylor, an African American cyclist who won the world one-mile (1.6 km) track cycling championship in 1899. Taylor’s legacy is being the second black world champion in any sport. Taylor was nicknamed the Worcester Whirlwind by the local papers.

The College of the Holy Cross‘ football team (purple)

Lake Quinsigamond is home to the Eastern Sprints, a premier rowing event in the United States. Competitive rowing teams first came to Lake Quinsigamond in 1857. Finding the long, narrow lake ideal for such crew meets, avid rowers established boating clubs on the lake’s shores, the first being the Quinsigamond Boating Club. More boating clubs and races followed, and soon many colleges (local, national, and international) held regattas, such as the Eastern Sprints, on the lake. Beginning in 1895, local high schools held crew races on the lake. In 1952, the lake played host to the National Olympic rowing trials.

In 2002, the Jesse Burkett Little League all-stars team went all the way to the Little League World Series. They made it to the US final before losing to Owensboro, Kentucky. Jesse Burkett covers the West Side area of Worcester, along with Ted Williams Little League.

The city will host Worcester Railers HC of the ECHL, which will begin play in October 2017. Prior to the Railers, the American Hockey League team Worcester Sharks played in Worcester from 2006 to 2015, before relocating to San Jose. The Sharks played at the DCU Center as a developmental team for the National Hockey League‘s San Jose Sharks. The AHL was formerly represented by the Worcester IceCats from 1994 to 2005. The IceCats were chiefly affiliated with the St. Louis Blues.

The city’s former professional baseball team, the Worcester Tornadoes, started in 2005 and was a member of the Canadian-American Association of Professional Baseball League. The team played at the Hanover Insurance Park at Fitton Field on the campus of the College of the Holy Cross and was not affiliated with any major league team. The team’s owner ran into financial difficulties, and the team disbanded after the 2012 season. The Worcester Bravehearts began play in 2014 as the local affiliate of the Futures Collegiate Baseball League, and won the league championship in their inaugural season. The New England Surge, a member of the Continental Indoor Football League, played their home games in the DCU Center in their two years of existence, 2007 and 2008. Candlepin bowling was invented in Worcester in 1880 by Justin White, an area bowling alley owner. The Worcester County Wildcats are part of the New England Football League, is a semi-pro football team, and play at Commerce Bank Field at Foley Stadium.

Golf‘s Ryder Cup‘s first official tournament was played at the Worcester Country Club in 1927. The course also hosted the U.S. Open in 1925, and the U.S. Women’s Open in 1960.

Worcester’s colleges have long histories and many notable achievements in collegiate sports. The College of the Holy Cross represents NCAA Division 1 sports in Worcester. The other colleges and Universities in Worcester correspond with division II and III. The Holy Cross Crusaders won the NCAA men’s basketball champions in 1947 and NIT men’s basketball champions in 1954, led by future NBA hall-of-famers and Boston Celtic legends Bob Cousy and Tom Heinsohn.

Religion[edit]

The Unitarian-Universalist Church of Worcester was founded in 1841. Worcester’s Greek Orthodox Cathedral, St. Spyridon, was founded in 1924.

Worcester is home to a dedicated Jewish population, who attend five synagogues, including Reform congregation Temple Emanuel Sinai, Congregation Beth Israel, a Conservative synagogue founded in 1924,[71] and Orthodox Congregation Tifereth Israel – Sons of Jacob (Chabad), home of Yeshiva Achei Tmimim Academy. Beth Israel and its rabbi were the subject of the book And They Shall be My People: An American Rabbi and His Congregation by Paul Wilkes.

The first Armenian Church in America was built in Worcester in 1890 and consecrated on January 18, 1891 as “Soorp Purgich” (Holy Saviour). The current sanctuary of the congregation, known now as Armenian Church of Our Savior was consecrated in 1952.

The first Catholics came to Worcester in 1826. They were chiefly Irish immigrants brought to America by the builders of the Blackstone canal. As time went on and the number of Catholics increased, the community petitioned Bishop Fenwick to send them a priest. In response to this appeal, the bishop appointed the Reverend James Fitton to visit the Catholics of Worcester in 1834. Catholic mass was first offered in the city in an old stone building on Front street. The foundation of Christ’s Church, the first Catholic church in Worcester (now St. John’s), was laid on July 6, 1834.[72]

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Worcester was canonically erected on January 14, 1950, by Pope Pius XII. Its territories were taken from the neighboring Diocese of Springfield. The current and fifth bishop is Robert Joseph McManus.[73]

Media[edit]

The Telegram & Gazette is Worcester’s only daily newspaper. The paper, known locally as “the Telegram” or “the T and G”, is wholly owned by GateHouse Media of Fairport, New York.[74] WCTR, channel 3, is Worcester’s local news television station, and WUNI-TV, channel 27, is the only major over-the-air broadcast television station in Worcester. Radio stations based in Worcester include WCHC, WCUW, WSRS, WTAG, WWFX, WICN and WXLO. WCCA-TV Shows on channel 194 and provides Community Cable-Access Television as well as a live stream of the channel on their website WCCATV.com.[75]

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Worcester is served by several interstate highways. Interstate 290 connects central Worcester to Interstate 495, I-90 in nearby Auburn, and I-395. I-190 links Worcester to MA 2 and the cities of Fitchburg and Leominster in northern Worcester County. I-90 can also be reached from a new Massachusetts Route 146 connector.

Worcester is also served by several smaller Massachusetts state highways. Route 9 links the city to its eastern and western suburbs, Shrewsbury and Leicester. Route 9 runs almost the entire length of the state, connecting Boston and Worcester with Pittsfield, near the New York state border. Route 12 was the primary route north to Leominster and Fitchburg until the completion of I-190. Route 12 also connected Worcester to Webster before I-395 was completed. It still serves as an alternate, local route. Route 146, the Worcester-Providence Turnpike, connects the city with the similar city of Providence, Rhode Island. Route 20 touches the southernmost tip of Worcester near the Massachusetts Turnpike. U.S. 20 is a coast-to-coast route connecting the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, and is the longest road in the United States.[76]

Union Station, 1911, designed by Watson & Huckel of Philadelphia

Worcester is the headquarters of the Providence and Worcester, a Class II railroad operating throughout much of southern New England. Worcester is also the western terminus of the Framingham/Worcester commuter rail line run by the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. Union Station serves as the hub for commuter railway traffic. Built in 1911, the station has been restored to its original grace and splendor, reopening to full operation in 2000. It also serves as an Amtrak stop, serving the Lake Shore Limited from Boston to Chicago. In October 2008 the MBTA added 5 new trains to the Framingham/Worcester line as part of a plan to add 20 or more trains from Worcester to Boston and also to buy the track from CSX Transportation.[77] Train passengers may also connect to additional services such as the Vermonter line in Springfield.

The Worcester Regional Transit Authority, or WRTA, manages the municipal bus system. Buses operate intracity as well as connect Worcester to surrounding central Massachusetts communities. The WRTA also operates a shuttle bus between member institutions of the Colleges of Worcester Consortium. Worcester is also served by Peter Pan Bus Lines and Greyhound Bus Lines, which operate out of Union Station. MAX provides intercity bus service to Fitchburg and Brattleboro, Vermont with intermediate stops.[78]

The Worcester Regional Airport, owned and operated by Massport lies at the top of Tatnuck Hill, Worcester’s highest. The airport consists of one 7,000 ft (2,100 m) runway and a $15.7 million terminal. The airport held numerous airlines from the 1950s through the 1990s, but it has encountered years of spotty commercial flights. On September 4, 2008, Direct Air announced it would begin serving Worcester to Orlando, Florida, Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, and Punta Gorda, Florida, in the spring of 2009. On Tuesday March 13, 2012, Direct Air canceled its entire charter program (including service to Worcester) due to financial reasons, leaving the passenger terminal at Worcester Regional Airport empty.[79] In 2013, JetBlue announced that it would service ORH, and service began in November 2013.[80] It currently provides daily service from ORH to Fort Lauderdale, and Orlando, Florida.[81] Massport has announced plans to install a Category III landing system at ORH to combat takeoff and landing problems caused by routine fog at the airport.[82]

Healthcare[edit]

UMass-Worcester Medical School Hospital

The Worcester State Insane Asylum Hospital (1833) was the first hospital in the United States established to treat mental illnesses.[citation needed]

Worcester is home to the University of Massachusetts Medical School, ranked fourth in primary care education among America’s 125 medical schools in the 2006 U.S. News & World Report annual guide “America’s Best Graduate Schools”.[56] The medical school is in the top quartile of medical schools nationally in research funding from the NIH and is home to highly respected scientists including a Nobel laureate, a Lasker Award recipient and multiple members of the National Academy of Sciences and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute. The school is closely affiliated with UMass Memorial Health Care, the clinical partner of the medical school, which has expanded its locations all over Central Massachusetts. St. Vincent Hospital at Worcester Medical Center in the downtown area rounds out Worcester’s primary care facilities. Reliant Medical Group, formerly Fallon Clinic, is the largest private multi-specialty group in central Massachusetts with over 30 different specialties. It is affiliated with St. Vincent’s Hospital in downtown Worcester. Reliant Medical Group was the creator of Fallon Community Health Plan, a now independent HMO based in Worcester, and one of the largest health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in the state.

Utilities and public services[edit]

Worcester has a municipally owned water supply. Sewage disposal services are provided by the Upper Blackstone Water Pollution Abatement District, which services Worcester as well as some surrounding communities. National Grid USA is the exclusive distributor of electric power to the city, though due to deregulation, customers now have a choice of electric generation companies. Natural gas is distributed by NSTAR Gas; only commercial and industrial customers may choose an alternate natural gas supplier. Verizon, successor to New England Telephone, NYNEX, and Bell Atlantic, is the primary wired telephone service provider for the area. Phone service is also available from various national wireless companies. Cable television is available from Charter Communications, with Broadband Internet access also provided, while a variety of DSL providers and resellers are able to provide broadband Internet over Verizon-owned phone lines.[citation needed]

Sister cities[edit]

Worcester has the following sister cities:[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

^ a: The US Census estimated that Worcester surpassed Providence in 2006 by 199 people. Though this is well within the margin of error, List of United States cities by population uses the 2008 estimates for purposes of ranking. The New England article, however, ranks by 2000 Census, which places Providence as second largest. In the 2010 Census, Worcester’s roughly 181,000 residents surpassed Providence’s roughly 178,000.

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Dentist in Medfield, Mass. 02052

doctor, dentist, dental

There are many Dentists in Massachusetts. If truth be told, they all have access to mounted requirements of coaching, techniques and information regarding the recent construction in the dental field. On the other hand, now not all of them are just right at what they do, and which means that in case you happen to fall in their hands, you are going to get mediocre services or at least really feel so, thanks to the truth that every particular person has their own personalities and attitudes which may not resonate well with all sufferers. However that’s also the place we are available in while you talk about finding the most efficient dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We’re pleasant and accountable

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We operate in a blank and brand new workplace

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We’re very much eager about serving others

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Our workforce individuals are freeing themselves up with the intention to devote their time to patient. We also focal point on running with complicated generation and coaching materials to be able to offer the contemporary cutting-edge dental care throughout the greater house of Massachusetts. Our effort and time is directed in opposition to getting to sufferers, and thus delivering superior affected person care is our number 1 goal.

Due to this fact, whilst so much sufferers look for the best Dentist in Massachusetts, we often make the most productive candidate to select given that we are very caring, figuring out and social. This has allowed us to scale up our operation so as to meet the rising wishes of our sufferers. It is for this reason that you should most certainly take a look at us and spot what we have to be offering.

Medfield, Massachusetts

Medfield, Massachusettss
Town
Dwight-Derby House (1651)

Dwight-Derby House (1651)
Official seal of Medfield, Massachusettss
Seal
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Location in Norfolk County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°11′15″N 71°18′25″WCoordinates: 42°11′15″N 71°18′25″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1649
Incorporated 1651
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 14.6 sq mi (37.8 km2)
 • Land 14.5 sq mi (37.6 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation 178 ft (54 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 12,024
 • Density 829.2/sq mi (319.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02052
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-39765
GNIS feature ID 0618323
Website http://www.town.medfield.net/

Medfield is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 12,024 according to the 2010 Census. Medfield is an affluent community about 17 miles southwest of Boston, Massachusetts, which is a 45-minute drive to Boston’s financial district. Attractions include the Lowell Mason house, Hinkley Pond and the Peak House.

History[edit]

The territory that Medfield now occupies was, at the time of colonization, Neponset land. It was apparently sold by the Neponset leader Chickatabot to William Pynchon in the late 1620s. In 1633, however, Chickatabot died in a smallpox epidemic that decimated nearby Neponset, Narragansett and Pequot communities. Because Chickatabot and Pynchon’s deal left no written deed, the Massachusetts General Court ordered “those Indians who were present when Chickatabot sold lands to Mr. Pynchon, or who know where they were, to set out the bounds thereof”. Fifty years later, Chickatabot’s grandson Josias Wampatuck brought a land claim against Medfield and the other towns created within the borders of the Chickatabot purchase, for which he received payment. Of those lands, Dedham was the first town formed.[1]

Dedham was incorporated in 1636, and Medfield (New Dedham) was first settled in 1649, principally by people who relocated from the former town. The first 13 house lots were laid out on June 19, 1650. In May 1651, the town was incorporated by an act of the General Court as the 43rd town in Massachusetts.[2]

The Rev. Ralph Wheelock is credited with the founding of Medfield. He was the first schoolmaster of the town’s school established in 1655,[3] and now has an elementary school named after him.

The Pool, Medfield, 1889. by Dennis Miller Bunker, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Half the town (32 houses, two mills, many barns and other buildings) was destroyed by Native Americans during King Philip’s War in 1675.[3] One house, known as the Peak House, was burnt in the war but was rebuilt shortly thereafter near downtown Medfield.

The town’s boundaries originally extended into present-day Medway and Millis. In 1713 the town was divided, with the section west of the Charles River becoming the new town of Medway.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 14.6 square miles (37.8 km²), of which 14.5 square miles (37.6 km²) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km²) (0.62%) is water. The Charles River borders almost one-third of Medfield. Medfield is surrounded by the towns Dover, Norfolk, Walpole, Millis, and Sherborn. The Charles River marks the Millis border.

Surrounding communities[edit]

Towns that border Medfield.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 966
1860 1,082 +12.0%
1870 1,142 +5.5%
1880 1,371 +20.1%
1890 1,493 +8.9%
1900 2,926 +96.0%
1910 3,466 +18.5%
1920 3,595 +3.7%
1930 4,066 +13.1%
1940 4,384 +7.8%
1950 4,549 +3.8%
1960 6,021 +32.4%
1970 9,821 +63.1%
1980 10,220 +4.1%
1990 10,531 +3.0%
2000 12,273 +16.5%
2010 12,024 −2.0%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Censusrecords and Population Estimates Programdata.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Population and housing[edit]

  • 12,024 people, 5,284 households, and 5,462 families
  • Population density = 326.6 people/km² (845.8 people/sq mi)
  • 5,048 housing units
Race Population (%)
White 96.78
Black or African American 0.51
Native American 0.04
Asian 1.76
Pacific Islander 0.01
Other 0.23
Two or more races 0.68

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.90% of the population.

  • Of the 5,284 households, 50.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 73.8% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.3% were non-families. 15.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
  • Average household size = 3.02
  • Average family size = 3.41

Age distribution[edit]

  • 33.6% under the age of 18
  • 3.5% from 18 to 24
  • 28.4% from 25 to 44
  • 25.2% from 45 to 64
  • 9.3% who were 65 or older
  • The median age was 38 years.
  • For every 100 females there were 96.6 males, and for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

Income data[edit]

  • Per capita income = $62,076
  • Median household income = $133,931
  • Median family income = $144,263
  • About 0.8% of families and 1.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.1% of those under age 18 and 1.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Medfield Public Schools consistently ranks among the top ten school systems in Massachusetts by the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System (MCAS).[15] As recently as 2014, Medfield has been ranked by the U.S. News & World Report as the number nine ranked school system in Massachusetts. As of 2013, Medfield High School Seniors scored an average of 591 on the SAT Critical Reading Section, 618 on the SAT Math Section, and 598 on the SAT Writing Section.[16]

In 2005, Medfield High School and T.A. Blake Middle School switched buildings as a result of a massive construction project updating the current Medfield High School (formally T.A. Blake Middle School).

Public schools:

  • Memorial School, 59 Adams Street (grades K-1)[17]
  • Wheelock School, 17 Elm Street (grades 2–3)[17]
  • Dale Street School, 45 Adams Street (grades 4–5)[17]
  • Thomas A. Blake Middle School, 24 Pound Street (grades 6–8)[17]
  • Medfield High School, 88R South Street (grades 9–12)[17]

Private schools:

Libraries[edit]

Medfield’s Free Public Library began in 1873.[19] The public library is located on Main Street.[20] In the late 18th century some of the residents of Medfield and surrounding towns formed a subscription library, called the Medfield Social Library.[21]

Events[edit]

  • On the third Saturday of September, Medfield Employers & Merchants Organization[22] hosts Medfield Day in Medfield Center, which is an annual celebration of the town.
  • On the first Friday of December, Medfield Employers & Merchants Organization[23] hosts the annual tree lighting in Baxter Park in Medfield Center.
  • On the first Saturday of December, Medfield Employers & Merchants Organization[24] organizes the annual Winter parade which takes place on the streets near Medfield Center.
  • On the first Sunday of December, Medfield Foundation[25] hosts the angel run, which is an annual 5k fundraising road race, held to raise money for the Medfield Outreach Program.

Medfield State Hospital[edit]

One of many abandoned buildings on the grounds of the former Medfield State Hospital

Medfield State Hospital, located at 45 Hospital Road, opened in 1896 and originally operated on 685 acres (2.77 km2) of pasture. At its peak in 1952, it housed 1,500 patients. By 2001, it was down to about 300 acres (1.2 km2) and employed 450 people (including four psychologists) to care for a maximum of 147 patients. The cost to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts was $21.5 million. On April 3, 2003, the doors were closed. Although the buildings are not open to the public (they have been boarded up), the grounds may be visited during daylight hours.

  • The film The Box was filmed at the hospital in December 2007.[26]
  • The film Shutter Island started prepping February 2008 and started filming at Medfield State Hospital in March 2008.[26]

Points of interest[edit]

Main Street

  • Rocky Woods is a 491-acre (1.99 km2) reservation in the northeast part of town. The property has 6.5 miles (10.5 km) of nature trails for hiking or biking, a few ponds for fishing, and open space for picnics and barbecues, and includes Cedar Hill (435 feet (133 m)).[27]
  • Noon Hill is a hill in Medfield at 370 feet (110 m) with a trail to its peak. There are a total of 4.5 miles (7.2 km) of trails around the hill and offer views of the hills of Walpole, Norfolk, and Gillette Stadium.[28]
  • Peak House. Burnt during the Native-American attack on the town during King Philip’s War in 1676, the Peak House was re-built in 1680. It was turned over to the Medfield Historical Society in 1924 and restored to its original Colonial look. It is open every Sunday from 2 PM- 5 PM from June to September and by appointment at other times. It is on the National Register of Historic Places and the steep roof has the highest pitch on record in Massachusetts for a 17th-century house.[citation needed]
  • Medfield Historical Society[29] on Pleasant Street. The Society museum contains historic artifacts and documents. The Society also owns the Peak House.
  • The Dwight-Derby House: Constructed in 1697. It was long thought that the house was built in 1651, but irrefutable scientific evidence has established that this house was not built until 1697. Still, it is one of only several dozen documented 17th-century houses still standing. Numerous additions have been made to the home over the years as the property changed owners.
  • Hinkley Pond, named after Vietnam fatality Stephen Hinkley, a native of Medfield, located on Green Street, is a site for public swimming and has a playground and sand area. Swimming lessons are taught on site.
  • Lowell Mason Museum and Music Center. Birthplace of Lowell Mason and a rare example of First Period American architecture and construction. Portions of the house date to 1651 according to a dendrochronology survey.[30] A community effort saved the home from demolition and relocated it to Green Street in April 2011. The Lowell Mason Foundation[31] maintains the house, which will house the Lowell Mason Museum, community space, and a music center.
  • Kingsbury Pond, named after Amos Clark Kingsbury (a Medfield native and graduate of Medfield’s High School Class of 1916) who served in the United States Marines, American Expeditionary Force, and fought in almost every major battle in France during World War I.[32] Kingsbury Pond is located on Route 27, across the street from St. Edward’s Catholic Church. It is a site for public fishing and ice skating. Fishermen have caught very small Largemouth Bass in this pond[33]
  • Metacomet Park, named after King Philip (who was also known as Metacomet or Metacom), the chief of the Wampanoag Indians and their leader in the King Philip War.[34] Metacomet Park is an athletic complex and activities area located at 145 Pleasant Street. It offers four tennis courts, a little league baseball diamond, a multi-use field (used for lacrosse, field hockey, and soccer), and a small playground. The park is used for numerous teams to practice and play games.[35]
  • Charles River Reservation maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation is home to the Bill Martin Flying Field maintained by two clubs, the Millis Model Aircraft Club and the Charles River Radio Controllers.

Notable people[edit]

  • Hannah Adams (1755–1831), Medfield native and Christian author; the first female professional writer in America
  • Uzo Aduba, actress, most recently seen as “Crazy Eyes” on Netflix’s Orange Is the New Black, grew up in Medfield.[36]
  • Matthew Aucoin, award-winning pianist, conductor/composer with the Metropolitan Opera, Lincoln Center Theater and Chicago Symphony orchestras, opera composer and lyricist.[37]
  • Jerry Bergonzi, world-renowned tenor saxophonist, jazz educator, currently holds a full-time professorship at New England Conservatory and is the author of the Inside Improvisation musical book series.
  • Donald E. Booth, American Diplomat and current US Ambassador to Ethiopia
  • George Inness (1825–1894), artist, some of whose paintings are of Medfield in the nineteenth century. A street in town, near the vantage of one of his paintings, bears his last name.
  • Charles Martin Loeffler (1861–1935), a German-born American composer. A street in town off South St. on the development of Southern Acres bears his last name.
  • Lowell Mason (1792–1872), a composer of hymns and pioneer of music education in American public schools. A street in town bears his name. His birthplace houses the Lowell Mason Museum and a music center.
  • John Preston (1945–1994), author of gay erotica and editor of gay non-fiction anthologies.
Sports figures

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ Tilden, W. S. (1887). History of the town of Medfield, Massachusetts, 1650-1886 : with genealogies of the families that held real estate or made any considerable stay in the town during the first two centuries, pp. 21-23. Boston: G. H. Ellis. Quotation from the General Court, qtd. by Tilden.
  2. Jump up^ Tilden, W. S. (1884). “Medfield”. In D. Hamilton Hurd (Ed.), History of Norfolk County, Massachusetts, pp. 439–41. Philadelphia: J. W. Lewis & Co.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b Tilden 1884, p. 442.
  4. Jump up^ Tilden 1884, p. 443.
  5. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  6. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  7. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  12. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. Jump up^ “2011 MCAS Results – Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System”. Doe.mass.edu. 2011-10-14. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  16. Jump up^ http://www.medfield.net/mhs/attachments/article/38/Guidance%20Profile%202013%202014.pdf
  17. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e [1] Archived January 11, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  18. Jump up^ “Montrose School, an independent girls’ school for grades 6-12 in Medfield, Massachusetts”. Montroseschool.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  19. Jump up^ Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts, v.9. 1899
  20. Jump up^ “medfieldpubliclibrary.org”. Medfieldlibrary.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  21. Jump up^ Medfield Library [catalog]. Dedham, Mass.: Printed at the Dedham Gazette office, 1816.
  22. Jump up^ http://medfieldmemo.org/
  23. Jump up^ http://medfieldmemo.org/
  24. Jump up^ http://medfieldmemo.org/
  25. Jump up^ http://www.medfieldfoundation.org/angelrun.html/
  26. ^ Jump up to:a b “Film crews visit Medfield State Hospital – Medfield, MA – Medfield Press”. Wickedlocal.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  27. Jump up^ Rocky Woods (2011-08-15). “Rocky Woods | Medfield, MA | The Trustees of Reservations”. Thetrustees.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  28. Jump up^ Noon Hill (2011-08-15). “Noon Hill | Medfield, MA | The Trustees of Reservations”. Thetrustees.org. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  29. Jump up^ http://www.medfieldhistoricalsociety.org
  30. Jump up^ Knapp, Theresa (2010-11-29). “Wicked Local Medfield, “Timber analysis dates Mason house beams to 1600s” Theresa Knapp/correspondent GateHouse News Service (Nov 29, 2010 @ 12:53 pm)”. Wickedlocal.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  31. Jump up^ http://www.lowellmasonhouse.org
  32. Jump up^ Richard DeSorgher (2011-05-07). “The Mystery of Medfield’s ‘Lady of Route 27’ – Medfield, MA Patch”. Medfield.patch.com. AOL Inc. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  33. Jump up^ “05/03/09 – Kingsbury Pond – Medfield, MA Details”. MA Fish Finder. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  34. Jump up^ “Metacomet – Connexipedia article”. Connexions.org. 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  35. Jump up^ Tremblay, Debbie. “Metacomet Park – Medfield, MA Patch”. Medfield.patch.com. Retrieved 2011-10-30.
  36. Jump up^ http://www.cosmopolitan.com/celebrity/exclusive/uzo-aduba-gap-tooth
  37. Jump up^ Matthew Aucoin
  38. Jump up^ “SI.com – MLB – Schilling buying Bledsoe’s old home – Monday December 22, 2003 5:37PM”. Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 2003-12-22. Retrieved 2011-10-30.

External links[edit]

Dentist in Randolph, Mass. 02368

doctor, dentist, dental

There are many Dentists in Massachusetts. In fact, they all have get right of entry to to mounted requirements of training, ways and information in regards to the up to date building in the dental box. Alternatively, not all of them are good at what they do, and which means should you occur to fall of their fingers, you will get mediocre products and services or at least really feel so, way to the fact that each and every individual has their own personalities and attitudes which may not resonate smartly with all patients. However that’s additionally where we are available while you speak about finding the best dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We are pleasant and responsible

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We operate in a clean and modern place of business

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We’re very much concerned about serving others

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Our team of workers individuals are releasing themselves up as a way to commit their time to patient. We additionally focal point on working with complex generation and coaching fabrics with a purpose to be offering the latest state-of-the-art dental care within the better house of Massachusetts. Our effort and time is directed in opposition to attending to sufferers, and therefore handing over superior affected person care is our #1 goal.

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Randolph, Massachusetts

Town of Randolph
City
Randolph Town Hall

Randolph Town Hall
Official seal of Town of Randolph
Seal
Motto: Latin: Fari Quae Sentiat
“To Say What One Feels”
Randolph is located in Massachusetts

Randolph
Randolph

Location in Massachusetts

Coordinates: 42°09′45″N 71°02′30″WCoordinates: 42°09′45″N 71°02′30″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1710
Incorporated 1793
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Council president Jason R. Adams
 • Town manager David C. Murphy
Area
 • Total 10.5 sq mi (27.2 km2)
 • Land 10.1 sq mi (26.1 km2)
 • Water 0.4 sq mi (1.1 km2)
Elevation 184 ft (56 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 32,158
 • Density 3,100/sq mi (1,200/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC−4)
ZIP code 02368
Area code(s) / 781
FIPS code 25-55955
GNIS feature ID 0618328
Website www.townofrandolph.com
Randolph charter of 2009[2]

The Town of Randolph is a city in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. At the 2010 census, the town population was 32,158.[1] Randolph adopted a new charter effective January 2010 providing for a council-manager form of government instead of the traditional town meeting. Randolph is one of fourteen Massachusetts municipalities that have applied for, and been granted, city forms of government but wish to retain “The town of” in their official names.[3]

History[edit]

Randolph in 1839

It was called Cochaticquom by the local Cochato and Ponkapoag tribes. The town was incorporated in 1793 from what was formerly the south precinct of the town of Braintree. According to the centennial address delivered by John V. Beal, the town was named after Peyton Randolph, first president of the Continental Congress.[4]

Randolph was formerly the home of several large shoe companies. Many popular styles were made exclusively in Randolph, including the “Randies”. At the time of Randolph’s incorporation in 1793, local farmers were making shoes and boots to augment household incomes from subsistence farming. In the next half century, this sideline had become the town’s major industry, attracting workers from across New England, Canada and Ireland and later from Italy and Eastern Europe, each adding to the quality of life in the town. By 1850, Randolph had become one of the nation’s leading boot producers, shipping boots as far away as California and Australia.

The decline of the shoe industry at the beginning of the twentieth century led to Randolph’s evolution as a suburban residential community. Boot and shoe making has been supplanted by light manufacturing and service industries. The town’s proximity to major transportation networks has resulted in an influx of families from Bostonand other localities who live in Randolph but work throughout the metropolitan area.

Starting in the 1950s, Randolph saw significant growth in its Jewish community with the exodus of Jews from Boston’s Dorchester and Mattapan neighborhoods. In 1950, fifteen or twenty Jewish families lived in the town; by 1970, Randolph had about 7,000 Jewish residents, and about 9,000 in 1980, the largest such community south of Boston. At its peak, Randolph boasted a kosher butcher, Judaica shop, kosher bakery, and two synagogues. By the early 1990s, the population shrank to about 6,000.[5][6]

The inspiration for the nationally observed “smoke-out day” came from Randolph High School Guidance councilor Arthur Mullaney, who observed in a 1969 discussion with students that he could send all of them to college if he had a nickel for every cigarette butt he found on the ground. This touched off an effort by the Randolph HS class of 1970, supported by the Randolph Rotary Club, to have local smokers give it up for a day and put the savings toward a college scholarship fund. Smoke out day went national in 1976.[1]

Randolph is home to Lombardo’s Function Facility, which originated as the Chateau de Ville. The facility is famous for its large chandelier and spiral staircase.

Registered historic places[edit]

The Jonathan Belcher House

Randolph is home to three Nationally Registered Historic Places:

Geography[edit]

Randolph is located at 42°09′24″N 71°2′56″W (42.173417, −71.049124).[7] Located fifteen miles south of Boston, at the intersection of Routes 128 and 24, Randolph’s location has been an important factor in its economic and social history. Randolph is located in eastern Massachusetts, bordered by Milton and Quincy on the north, Braintree and Holbrook on the east, Canton on the west, and Avon and Stoughton on the south and southwest. Randolph is 15 miles south of Boston and 211 miles from New York City.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.5 square miles (27.2 km2), of which 10.1 square miles (26.1 km2) is land and 0.4 square mile (1.1 km2) (4.10%) is water. It is drained by the Cochato River and Blue Hill River, which flow into the Neponset River.

[hide]Climate data for Blue Hills Reservation (Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory), 1891−2010 normals, extremes 1885−present
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 68
(20)
68
(20)
89
(32)
94
(34)
94
(34)
99
(37)
100
(38)
101
(38)
99
(37)
88
(31)
81
(27)
74
(23)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 33.6
(0.9)
34.8
(1.6)
43.4
(6.3)
54.9
(12.7)
66.3
(19.1)
74.6
(23.7)
80.0
(26.7)
77.9
(25.5)
70.9
(21.6)
60.5
(15.8)
48.8
(9.3)
37.4
(3)
56.92
(13.85)
Daily mean °F (°C) 25.7
(−3.5)
26.4
(−3.1)
34.4
(1.3)
44.7
(7.1)
55.3
(12.9)
64.1
(17.8)
69.7
(20.9)
68.1
(20.1)
61.2
(16.2)
51.1
(10.6)
40.6
(4.8)
29.8
(−1.2)
47.59
(8.66)
Average low °F (°C) 18.4
(−7.6)
18.9
(−7.3)
27.0
(−2.8)
36.5
(2.5)
46.4
(8)
55.4
(13)
61.5
(16.4)
60.3
(15.7)
53.6
(12)
43.4
(6.3)
33.7
(0.9)
22.9
(−5.1)
39.83
(4.33)
Record low °F (°C) −16
(−27)
−21
(−29)
−5
(−21)
6
(−14)
27
(−3)
36
(2)
44
(7)
39
(4)
28
(−2)
21
(−6)
5
(−15)
−19
(−28)
−21
(−29)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 4.24
(107.7)
3.95
(100.3)
4.61
(117.1)
4.06
(103.1)
3.70
(94)
3.69
(93.7)
3.64
(92.5)
4.08
(103.6)
3.94
(100.1)
3.97
(100.8)
4.36
(110.7)
4.39
(111.5)
48.63
(1,235.1)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 16.0
(40.6)
16.1
(40.9)
11.7
(29.7)
2.9
(7.4)
0.1
(0.3)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.3
(0.8)
2.6
(6.6)
11.4
(29)
61.1
(155.3)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 132.1 146.7 174.0 185.6 220.2 231.8 258.1 242.5 204.1 182.1 133.3 125.9 2,236.4
Percent possible sunshine 46.3 50.9 48.5 47.9 50.4 52.7 58.0 58.7 56.7 55.1 47.0 45.9 51.51
Source: Blue Hill Observatory & Science Center [8][9]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 4,741
1860 5,760 +21.5%
1870 5,642 −2.0%
1880 4,027 −28.6%
1890 3,946 −2.0%
1900 3,998 +1.3%
1910 4,301 +7.6%
1920 4,756 +10.6%
1930 6,553 +37.8%
1940 7,634 +16.5%
1950 9,982 +30.8%
1960 18,900 +89.3%
1970 27,035 +43.0%
1980 28,218 +4.4%
1990 30,093 +6.6%
2000 30,963 +2.9%
2010 32,112 +3.7%
2012 32,212 +0.3%
* = population estimate.
Source: United States Censusrecords and Population Estimates Programdata.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

As of the census[20] of 2010, there were 32,158 people, 11,564 households, and 8,038 families residing in the town. The population density was 3,184 people per square mile (1,447.3/km2). There were 11,564 housing units at an average density of 1,145.4 per square mile (442.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 41.6% White, 38.3% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 12.4% Asian (6.3% Vietnamese, 3.3% Chinese, 0.9% Filipino, 0.8% Asian Indian) 0.0% Pacific Islander, 3.7% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.4% of the population.

Randolph is one of the fastest growing minority cities in America. 60% of all elementary school students are black, 21% Hispanic (predominately Dominican), 11% White, and 8% Asian.

There were 11,564 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.31.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.7% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 29.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $55,255, and the median income for a family was $61,942. Males had a median income of $41,719 versus $32,500 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,413. About 2.5% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.5% of those under age 18 and 5.0% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Randolph is situated in the Greater Boston Area, which has excellent rail, air, and highway facilities. State Route 128 and Interstate Route 495 divide the region into inner and outer zones, which are connected by numerous “spokes” providing direct access to the airport, port, and intermodal facilities of Boston.

Major highways[edit]

The principal highways are the concurrent Interstate 93 and U.S. Route 1, which clips the northern edge of the town; parallel north-south State Massachusetts Route 24 (the Fall River Expressway) and Massachusetts Route 28. Massachusetts Route 139 runs east-west through the town.

Rail[edit]

Commuter rail service to South Station, Boston, is available on the Middleboro line from the Holbrook/Randolph Rail Station located on the Holbrook/Randolph Town line and Union Street (Route 139). The MBTA Red Line is accessible in Braintree and Quincy.

Bus[edit]

Randolph is a member of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) which provides fixed route service to Quincy Adams, Quincy Center and Ashmont Stations. Randolph is served by Bus 240 from Ashmont Station and the 238 Bus from Quincy Center Station. The MBTA also provides THE RIDE, a paratransit service for the elderly and disabled.

The Brockton Area Transit Authority (BAT) provides bus service to Brockton from Ashmont and vice versa.

Airport[edit]

The Norwood Memorial Airport, a Reliever (RL) facility, is easily accessible. It has 2 asphalt runways 4,001’x 150′ and 4,007’x 150′. Instrument approaches available: Non-precision. However the majority of Randolph residents use Logan International Airport for Air transportation.

Government[edit]

Randolph was originally governed by a representative town meeting form of government. In a special election on April 7, 2009, the town adopted a new charter that became effective in January 2010, changing the town’s form of government to a council-manager system.[2][21] The current town manager is David C. Murphy.[22]

Current town council members are:[23]

  • Jason R. Adams, President, at-large
  • Kenrick W. Clifton, Vice President, District 1
  • William Alexopoulos, at-large
  • James F. Burgess, Jr., at-large
  • Paul K. Fernandes, at-large
  • Edward G. Gilbert, at-large
  • Arthur G. Goldstein, District 2
  • Andrew L. Azer, District 3
  • Paul J. Meoni, District 4

Other Boards & Commissions[edit]

  • Board of Assessors (3 members)
  • Board of Health (3 members)
  • Planning Board (5 members)
  • School Committee (7 members)

School Committee[edit]

  • Ida Gordon, Chair
  • Abdi Ibrahim, Vice Chair
  • Cheryl Frazier
  • Emmanuel A. Mecha
  • Andrea Nixon
  • Becky Robateau
  • Kenrick W. Clifton
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008[24]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
Democratic 9,632 49.22%
Republican 1,277 6.53%
Unaffiliated 8,561 43.75%
Minor Parties 100 0.51%
Total 19,570 100%

Education[edit]

Randolph has a high school serving grades 9-12 (Randolph High School), a middle school serving grades 6, 7, and 8 (Randolph Community Middle School), and four elementary schools serving grades K-5:

  • John F. Kennedy Elementary School
  • Margaret L. Donovan Elementary School
  • Martin E. Young Elementary School
  • Elizabeth G. Lyons Elementary School

Pre-elementary education (kindergarten) is provided at the respective home schools, the Charles G. Devine Early Childhood Center having been closed in 2007. As part of the Blue Hills Regional School District, Randolph students entering the ninth grade may opt to attend the Blue Hills Regional Technical School, commonly referred to as “Blue Hills” or the Norfolk County Agricultural High School, known as “Aggie”, instead of Randolph High School. The school system is run by the School Committee.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b “Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State — County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File”. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-06-26.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b “Chapter 2 of the Acts of 2009”. Boston: Massachusetts General Court. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  3. Jump up^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisctlist/ctlistalph.htm
  4. Jump up^ Beal, John V. (July 1893). “An Address in Commemoration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Incorporation of Randolph, Massachusetts”.
  5. Jump up^ Sarna, Jonathan D. (2005). The Jews of Boston, pp.167-168. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-10787-6.
  6. Jump up^ Israel, Sherry (1985). 1985 CJP Demographic Study. Combined Jewish Philanthropies of Greater Boston.
  7. Jump up^ “US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990”. United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. Jump up^ “Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory 1891-2010 Means and Extremes”. Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory. 7 May 2013. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  9. Jump up^ “Blue Hill Observatory daily sunshine data”. Blue Hill Meteorological Observatory. Retrieved 11 October 2015.
  10. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  11. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  13. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  17. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  18. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  19. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  20. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  21. Jump up^ “Randolph council election set for Sept. 15”. The Patriot Ledger. April 28, 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  22. Jump up^ “Town of Randolph, MA – Town Manager”. Town of Randolph. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
  23. Jump up^ “Town of Randolph, MA – Town Council”. Town of Randolph. Retrieved 6 January 2016.
  24. Jump up^ “Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15, 2008” (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved 2010-05-08.

External links[edit]

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Wilbraham, Massachusetts

Wilbraham, Massachusetts
Town
Veteran's Memorial

Veteran’s Memorial
Official seal of Wilbraham, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts
Location in Hampden County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°07′25″N 72°25′55″WCoordinates: 42°07′25″N 72°25′55″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Hampden
Settled 1730
Incorporated 1763
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 22.4 sq mi (58.1 km2)
 • Land 22.2 sq mi (57.5 km2)
 • Water 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)
Elevation 290 ft (88 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 14,868
 • Density 640.5/sq mi (247.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01095
Area code(s) 413
FIPS code 25-79740
GNIS feature ID 0619390
Website http://www.wilbraham-ma.gov/

Wilbraham is a town in Hampden County, Massachusetts, United States. It is a suburb of the City of Springfield, Massachusetts, and part of the Springfield Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 14,868 at the 2010 census.

Part of the town comprises the census-designated place of Wilbraham.

Boundaries and localities[edit]

Wilbraham was originally divided between North Wilbraham and Wilbraham. North Wilbraham was home to the industrial side of the town, along with the Boston & Albany Railroad Line, which is still in use today. Wilbraham was home to the Wilbraham & Monson Academy.

Wilbraham is made up of several neighborhoods, known as Wilbraham Center, North Wilbraham, East Wilbraham, Wilbraham Mountain, South Wilbraham, Boston Road Corridor and the Pines Section. In 1878, the south end of Wilbraham officially broke away from Wilbraham and formed the Town of Hampden. The term North Wilbraham is now rarely used by town residents and has been replaced by Wilbraham.

Origin of the name of Wilbraham[edit]

The name of Wilbraham comes from the villages of Little Wilbraham and Great Wilbraham located near Cambridge, England. The name originates from Wilburgham, a name indicating ‘Wilburga’s homestead’, Wilburga being the daughter of the seventh century King Penda of the Mercians who gave her the land. In the 10th century (975 A.D.) it was still known as Wilburgeham; however in the Domesday Book it is known as Wiborgham. By the 1260s it was known as Great Wilbraham and right before that King’s Wilbraham. During the Middle Ages the Knights Templar established a preceptory in 1226 in the villages. The manor house of Great Wilbraham was their temple and today it is still standing and is a house. Their regional headquarters was Denny Abbey in nearby Peterborough.

One statement within the Wilbraham Town History Book of 1963 states that a trustee of the Wilbraham & Monson Academy was attending Oxford University and found the following in a history book: That the two villages of Little Wilbraham and Great Wilbraham came into existence because Alfred the Great, an English King who upon hunting wild boar in a very good spot about 60 miles northeast of London, designated that spot as Wild Boar Haven. However Haven was later changed to Ham and over the years the three separate words became combined and distorted until you had Wilbraham.[1]

Another statement within the “Wilbraham Town History Book” of 1963 states that the name may have come from Sir Thomas Wilbraham, 3rd Baronet who was a bitter royalist and anti-Puritan however this has since been in doubt and the most likely explanation is that the name came from the villages in Cambridgeshire. Some of Wilbraham earliest settlers hailed from the Cambridgeshire region of England.[1]

North Wilbraham[edit]

From its beginning the Town of Wilbraham was divided between North Wilbraham and Wilbraham, which each had their own zip code. The zip code of North Wilbraham was 01067, which is no longer used. North Wilbraham was considered the industrialized area of town while Wilbraham was considered the agricultural area of town.[1]

History[edit]

17th and 18th centuries[edit]

The area today known as the Town of Wilbraham first became of interest in 1636 when a young man named William Pynchon (founder of Springfield) purchased the area from the Nipmuc starting at the Connecticut River in Springfield and extending to the foot of the Wilbraham Mountain Range by 1674. Wilbraham was first settled in 1730 by Nathaniel Hitchcock along with what is now Hampden, Massachusetts, as the Fourth District of Springfield. It was also known as the Outward Commons, Mountains or Springfield Mountain. Hitchcock built a log hut along what is now Main St. Hunting and logging took place in the late 17th century.[1]

The Native Americans did not maintain any villages prior to the colonials’ arrival in the Outward Commons; however, they did hunt and fish along the Chicopee River as it was considered good fishing grounds. A soap stone quarry existed on Glendale Road and arrowheads can be found throughout Wilbraham. The poplar trees located along the Chicopee River made excellent canoes, and two have been found carved out along the Chicopee River over the years. The Nipmuc referred to this area as “Minnechaug” which means Berryland.[1]

The major poem “Minneola” (1904) by Chauncey E. Peck tells, over several hundred pages, the stories of the Indians around Wilbraham. The last of which appears to have been an Indian woman named We-sha-u-gan who lived on Wigwam Hill in a wigwam for many years, “after the white man came” (History of Wilbraham, 1863).[2]

Many town residents took part in both the French and Indian War and Revolutionary War, and at one time Wilbraham even had its own militia unit, which at one point was a field artillery battery and often supported the Hampshire Regiment. Wilbraham residents have also served in numerous wars since the French and Indian War.[1]

Wilbraham’s first church was the First Congregational Church, which was organized on June 24, 1741. This church would later merge into the Wilbraham United Church. The first minister of the town was Mr. Noah Merrick. The first three selectmen were Lieutenant Thomas Mirick, Deacon Nathaniel Warriner and Stephen Stebbins. Stebbins was the first person to settle in the southern part of the precinct in modern-day Hampden when he built a house on the north side of the Scantic River in 1741.[1]

After many years of submitting petitions to the Massachusetts General Court the town was officially incorporated as the independent “Wilbraham” in 1763, when its population was about 400. Wilbraham was made a separate town because of the walking distance to Springfield, along with differing interests made the people of the fourth precinct petition several times for a new town to be incorporated.[3][4]

On August 7, 1761 on Wilbraham Mountain a young man named Timothy Merrick was bitten by a rattlesnake and died soon afterward. Folklore and legend has made its way over the years about this incident including a song titled “On Springfield Mountain“. The incident probably took place within what is now the adjoining town of Hampden, but at the time was still part of South Wilbraham — though some have claimed it was as far south as Connecticut. This song was one of the earliest of the American ballads.[1]

The Bay Path trail once ran through the north end of the town. It was this trail that Henry Knox used when he moved the cannons that he captured at Fort Ticonderoga in 1775. These cannons were brought to Boston (being pulled by oxen) and placed on Dorchester Heights and used against the British. Knox led the artillery train through the town.

The first President of the United States, General George Washington, traveled through the town twice and on one occasion slept at a home along the Bay Path in 1790 while on his way to and from Boston.[1]

On April 29, 1799 a tragedy on Nine Mile Pond took the lives of six people, including three 16-year-old girls. The boat that they were traveling in overturned. One of the victims was not found for sixteen days and a ditch had to be dug in order to drain the pond to find her. This ditch located across the street on Boston Rd became the first town dump.[1]

19th century[edit]

The Underground Railroad ran through the town and several houses along Main St and on Wilbraham Mountain served as stations.

The Wilbraham town center is among the largest designated historical areas in the country, with fine examples of colonial and Victorian homes from as early as the 1730s along the historical areas of main street. The oldest Methodist meeting house in New England is located in the town’s center, as is the campus of Wilbraham & Monson Academy, founded in 1804.

North Wilbraham was the industrialized area of the town and was home to the Collins Manufacturing Company and other businesses. The Collins Manufacturing Company was once the main employer of the town. The building also known as the Collins Paper Mill (which still stands today) was located was built around 1872. It made fine writing paper and, for a short time, it made government currency paper. The mill officially closed down in 1940 but some part continued operating into the 1950s. A fire in 1945 did severe damage to the building, which now stands vacant.[1]

Wilbraham at one time was very famous for its peach orchards and some are still grown on the slope of the Wilbraham Mountain Range. Apples were also grown on the slopes and Rices Fruit Farm which first opened in 1894 still sell fresh apples, apple cider, apple pies and other items.

20th century[edit]

Wilbraham Center was the farming area of town and was home to Bennett’s Turkey Farm, Pheasant Farm and Rice’s Fruit Farm which grew the peaches later celebrated during the Peach Festival. Wilbraham had several potato farms in the south end of town around the time of World War II. None of those farms remain in operation today. Wilbraham was once the home of a speakeasy called “Worlds End” on Burleigh Road. It was destroyed by a fire in the mid-1930s.

In the summer of 1928, author H. P. Lovecraft stayed with the noted antiquarian Miss Evanore O. Beebe (co-author of the town’s first history in 1913) at her farmhouse on Monson Road in west Wilbraham, touring the locality with his friend and author Mrs Miniter who was a local. He later he modeled the fictional town of Dunwich on the combination of towns in the area, in his story “The Dunwich Horror“. He also used the area’s folklore in the story. After his death Lovecraft’s executor August Derleth later wrote the story “The Peabody Heritage”, set in Wilbraham.

The hurricane of 1938 did considerable damage to the town and destroyed the old covered bridge over the Chicopee River on Cottage Ave. A steel bridge rests there today.

During World War I, the town suffered the loss of George M. Kingdon who died fighting in France. He was Wilbraham’s only casualty.

The flood of 1955 washed out many of the roads in the town. The dam near the Chicopee River gave way washing out the railroad tracks and parts of Mountain Road and Boston Road.

21st century[edit]

On the afternoon of June 1, 2011 two tornadoes struck Wilbraham: an EF-1 and an EF-3. The EF-3, which originated in Westfield and traveled through West Springfield and Springfield, caused extensive damage to the Tinkham Road corridor of the town. Heavy structural damage to homes, power poles, and trees was experienced. That tornado then moved eastward to cause extensive damage to the towns of Monson, Brimfield and Sturbridge. The EF-1 formed after the EF-3 and primarily caused damage to power poles and trees along a section from Stony Hill Road east crossing Main Street, just south of St. Cecilia’s Church to Crane Hill Road.

Commercial[edit]

The corporate headquarters of Friendly’s Ice Cream is located in Wilbraham. On the Massachusetts Turnpike, hedges along the side of the highway have a sign and have been trimmed to read “Welcome to Wilbraham, Home of Friendly Ice Cream”.

Town government[edit]

Wilbraham has a Board of Selectmen in which there are three members, each serving a three-year term. The town has an open town meeting rule and an annual town meeting is held every spring.

Education[edit]

Wilbraham has a regional School District, called the Hampden-Wilbraham Regional School District which is centered around Minnechaug Regional High School.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.4 square miles (58.1 km²), of which 22.2 square miles (57.5 km²) is land and 0.2 square mile (0.5 km²) (0.89%) is water. Wilbraham is bordered by Springfield on the west, Ludlow on the north, Palmer on the northeast, Monson on the east, Hampden on the south, and East Longmeadow on the southwest.

Wilbraham is situated in such a way that its area lies within two broad physiographic provinces that cross Massachusetts from north to south. The Wilbraham Mountains which dominate the geography of the town are part of the Central Upland of Massachusetts, while the portion of town west of the mountains lies within the Connecticut Valley Lowland. Millions of years ago, the flat area of Wilbraham west of the mountains were once part of a shallow inland sea.[1]

Wilbraham also has the Wilbraham Mountains range, which starts at the north end of town and extends into Hampden. The highest point in town is Mt. Chapin at 937 feet above sea level. Other high peaks are Mount Vision (formerly Rattlesnake Peak) and Wigwam Hill.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1850 2,127
1860 2,081 −2.2%
1870 2,330 +12.0%
1880 1,628 −30.1%
1890 1,814 +11.4%
1900 1,595 −12.1%
1910 2,332 +46.2%
1920 2,780 +19.2%
1930 2,719 −2.2%
1940 3,041 +11.8%
1950 4,003 +31.6%
1960 7,387 +84.5%
1970 11,984 +62.2%
1980 12,053 +0.6%
1990 12,635 +4.8%
2000 13,473 +6.6%
2010 14,868 +10.4%

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 13,473 people, 4,891 households, and 3,873 families residing in the town. The population density was 606.3 people per square mile (234.1/km²). There were 5,048 housing units at an average density of 227.2 per square mile (87.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.40% White, 1.19% Black or African American, 0.06% Native American, 1.26% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 4,891 households out of which 37.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.7% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 17.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 24.4%from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 92.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $65,014, and the median income for a family was $73,825. Males had a median income of $55,600 versus $36,922 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,854. About 3.2% of families and 5.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g h i j k l Wilbraham 1963 Town History Book
  2. Jump up^ Wilbraham 1863 Town History Book
  3. Jump up^ A Brief History of Wilbraham, from Wilbraham Bicentennial program, 1963
  4. Jump up^ http://www.wilbraham-ma.gov/index.cfm?fuseaction=category.display&category_id=134
  5. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

Dentist in Orange, Mass. 01364

doctor, dentist, dental

There are lots of Dentists in Massachusetts. In reality, they all have get admission to to fixed requirements of training, tactics and data in regards to the recent construction within the dental field. Alternatively, not all of them are good at what they do, and which means that if you happen to fall in their arms, you are going to get mediocre products and services or a minimum of really feel so, way to the fact that each and every person has their very own personalities and attitudes which won’t resonate well with all sufferers. But that’s also the place we come in when you speak about discovering the best dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We’re pleasant and accountable

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We perform in a blank and up to date place of work

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We’re very so much fascinated by serving others

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Our group of workers members are releasing themselves up so as to dedicate their time to affected person. We also focus on working with complicated technology and training fabrics with a purpose to be offering the latest state of the art dental care within the greater house of Massachusetts. Our effort and time is directed against getting to sufferers, and thus turning in superior affected person care is our number 1 goal.

Subsequently, whilst most patients search for the best Dentist in Massachusetts, we frequently make the most productive candidate to select since we are very worrying, figuring out and social. This has allowed us to scale up our operation as a way to meet the growing wishes of our sufferers. It is because of this that you will have to most certainly try us and notice what we have to be offering.

Orange, Massachusetts

Orange, Massachusetts
Town
Downtown Orange

Downtown Orange
Official seal of Orange, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Franklin County in Massachusetts
Location in Franklin County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 42°35′25″N 72°18′37″WCoordinates: 42°35′25″N 72°18′37″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Franklin
Settled 1746
Incorporated 1810
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 36.0 sq mi (93.3 km2)
 • Land 35.1 sq mi (90.9 km2)
 • Water 0.9 sq mi (2.4 km2)
Elevation 510 ft (155 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,839
 • Density 220/sq mi (84/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 01364
Area code(s) 351 / 978
FIPS code 25-51265
GNIS feature ID 0618173
Website www.townoforange.org

Orange is a town in Franklin County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,839 at the 2010 census.[1] It is part of the Springfield, MassachusettsMetropolitan Statistical Area.

Part of the town is included in the census-designated place of Orange.

History[edit]

Orange was first settled in 1746, created from lands in the towns of Royalston, Warwick and Athol. The lands were not fully settled until the latter parts of the century, becoming the District of Orange in 1783, and finally being incorporated as a town in 1810. It was named for William, Prince of Orange. In 1790, the Millers River was dammed within town, and industry began in the former farming community. Small industry grew within the town, with the town being considered more of a mill town by 1840. By the late nineteenth century the New Home Sewing Machine Company was the largest industry in town, putting out 1.2 million machines at its peak in 1892. In 1900, it was home to the pioneer automobile company Grout, considered the first automobile built in a factory in the United States.[2][3]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.0 square miles (93.3 km2), of which 35.1 square miles (90.9 km2) is land and 0.93 square miles (2.4 km2), or 2.58%, is water.[4] Orange is drained by the Millers River, which flows through the center of the modern town. There are also several brooks within town, as well as several ponds and lakes, including Tully Pond, Lake Mattawa and part of Lake Rohunta. Only a small portion of the town is protected area, most of which is part of the Orange State Forest, with a small portion being part of the Warwick State Forest. Much of the northern half of town is spotted with swamps, and the town is home to three large hills, Temple Hill and Tully Mountain in the north and Chestnut Hill, the town’s highest point, in the south.

Orange is the easternmost town within Franklin County along its border with Worcester County. The town center lies 18 miles (29 km) east of Greenfield, 40 miles (64 km) northwest of Worcester, 42 miles (68 km) northeast of Springfield and 72 miles (116 km) west-northwest of Boston. It is bordered by Royalston to the northeast, Athol to the southeast, New Salem to the south, Wendell to the southwest, a small portion of Erving to the west, and Warwick to the northwest.

Transportation[edit]

The town lies along Massachusetts Route 2, the major east-west route across the northern part of the state. Except for the westernmost tenth of a mile, the entire road is a limited access highway through town. The highway portion ends at the junction of Route 2A, which passes just north of the Millers River near the town center, heading east into Athol and following Route 2’s former right of way. Orange is also home to the southern terminus of Route 78 and the northern terminus of Route 122. Additionally, the western end of the concurrency between Route 2 and U.S. Route 202 is just within town.

The Springfield Terminal railway passes through town, crossing the Millers River several times in the western side of town. The Fitchburg Railroad and later Boston and Maine once provided passenger rail service to Orange; however, these trains have long ceased operating and today only freight passes through the town.

Two local bus routes, the Orange/Greenfield Route of the Franklin Regional Transit Authority, and the Gardner/Orange Route of Montachusett Regional Transit Authority, provide service along Route 2A. MAX provides intercity bus service to Boston, Worcester, Fitchburg, and Brattleboro, Vermont with intermediate stops.[5]

The Town of Orange owns and operates Orange Municipal Airport (IATA: OREICAO: KORE), a small air service airstrip which also serves as a flight training center and parachuting center. The nearest national air service can be reached either at Bradley International Airport to the south or Manchester-Boston Regional Airport to the northeast.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1840 1,492
1850 1,701 +14.0%
1860 1,622 −4.6%
1870 2,091 +28.9%
1880 3,169 +51.6%
1890 4,568 +44.1%
1900 5,520 +20.8%
1910 5,282 −4.3%
1920 5,393 +2.1%
1930 5,365 −0.5%
1940 5,611 +4.6%
1950 5,894 +5.0%
1960 6,154 +4.4%
1970 6,104 −0.8%
1980 6,844 +12.1%
1990 7,312 +6.8%
2000 7,518 +2.8%
2010 7,839 +4.3%
Source: United States Censusrecords and Population Estimates Programdata.[6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]

As of the census[16] of 2000, there were 7,518 people, 3,045 households, and 1,979 families residing in the town. The population density was 212.6 people per square mile (82.1/km²). There were 3,303 housing units at an average density of 93.4 per square mile (36.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.29% White, 1.06% Black or African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.48% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.65% of the population.

There were 3,045 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46 and the average family size was 3.02.

Railroad station c. 1912

In the town the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,849, and the median income for a family was $44,128. Males had a median income of $34,367 versus $23,967 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,361. About 5.8% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Events[edit]

  • North Quabbin Garlic and Arts Festival [17]
  • Annual Athol to Orange River Rat Race [18]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. Jump up^ “Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Orange town, Franklin County, Massachusetts”. U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
  2. Jump up^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925 (New York: Bonanza Books, 1950), p.14.
  3. Jump up^ Town of Orange, Massachusetts – A Brief History
  4. Jump up^ “Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Orange town, Franklin County, Massachusetts”. U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 29, 2012.
  5. Jump up^ “MAX Schedule”. TrueNorth Transit Group. Retrieved 1 October 2016.
  6. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1”. American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010.
  7. Jump up^ “Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision – GCT-T1. Population Estimates”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  8. Jump up^ “1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  9. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  10. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  11. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  12. Jump up^ “1890 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  13. Jump up^ “1870 Census of the Population” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  14. Jump up^ “1860 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  15. Jump up^ “1850 Census” (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. Jump up^ “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  17. Jump up^ “The Cult of the Cloves”. New York Times. September 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-05. This weekend brings the North Quabbin Garlic and Arts Festival to Orange, Mass., near Amherst, and the Easton Garlic Fest to Easton, Pa. The Connecticut Garlic and Harvest Festival visits Bethlehem on Oct. 9 and 10.
  18. Jump up^ http://www.riverratrace.com

External links[edit]

Dentist in Wellesley Hills, Mass. 02481

doctor, dentist, dental

There are lots of Dentists in Massachusetts. In truth, they all have get right of entry to to fastened requirements of coaching, tactics and data regarding the latest construction in the dental field. On the other hand, now not they all are just right at what they do, and this means that in the event you happen to fall in their palms, you are going to get mediocre services and products or a minimum of feel so, thanks to the truth that each particular person has their own personalities and attitudes which won’t resonate smartly with all sufferers. However that’s also where we are available in while you discuss finding the most productive dentist in Massachusetts. Find a dentist office near me.

We are pleasant and accountable

Our team of workers have a top stage of expertise in all dental spaces, plus we’re dedicated and overly bold in our task. On account of the charming personalities of our group contributors, patients have persistently built the feeling of agree with in our judgement. For some unexplained purposes, our clients have all the time depended on that we’re the best in Massachusetts. They have always confirmed confidence that we’re the best folks to wait to their dental wishes. But how will we have the capacity to maintain this courting with our clients? Find a dentist office near me.

Smartly, our workforce of dental practitioners is made from friendly and responsible staff members who offer a streamlined appointment procedure, whilst making sure that our interaction with sufferers is all the time delightful and memorable. This fashion, we’ve managed to draw many clients to our health facility in Massachusetts, and we consider that our friendliness and reputation as a whole discuss on our behalf.

We function in a clean and modern office

Most people available in the market dangle the conclusion that eating place restrooms are a sign of kitchen cleanliness. Then again, the same can be mentioned a couple of dentist’s workplace in Massachusetts. For this reason, we have invested in a clean and brand new place of work which could also be furnished with up to date apparatus to lend a hand us do a neat job. Every consumer who walks through our doors finally end up feeling glad after knowing that we are without equal execs with regards to dental care and treatment. Find a dentist office near me.

We are very so much excited by serving others

It is extremely tricky to seek out dentists who are truly devoted to serving others. A few people do it for the money and no longer as it’s a calling. Alternatively, like another business, the dental business is quickly evolving to undertake issues that might not be related to dentists some 2 a long time ago.

Our team of workers contributors are releasing themselves up with a view to devote their time to patient. We additionally center of attention on running with complicated era and training fabrics with a purpose to offer the up to date state of the art dental care within the higher area of Massachusetts. Our time and effort is directed towards attending to sufferers, and thus turning in awesome affected person care is our no 1 goal.

Subsequently, while so much patients look for the most efficient Dentist in Massachusetts, we ceaselessly make the best candidate to pick due to the fact that we are very being concerned, working out and social. This has allowed us to scale up our operation as a way to meet the rising wishes of our sufferers. It is for this reason that you will have to more than likely check out us and spot what we have to offer.

Wellesley Hills, Massachusetts

Wellesley, Massachusetts
Town
Wellesley Square

Wellesley Square
Official seal of Wellesley, Massachusetts
Seal
Wellesley is located in Massachusetts

Wellesley
Wellesley

Location in Massachusetts

Coordinates: 42°17′47″N 71°17′35″WCoordinates: 42°17′47″N 71°17′35″W
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Norfolk
Settled 1660
Incorporated 1881
Government[1]
 • Type Representative town meeting
 • Board of Selectmen
Area[2]
 • Total 10.49 sq mi (27.2 km2)
 • Land 10.18 sq mi (26.4 km2)
 • Water 0.31 sq mi (0.8 km2)
Elevation 141 ft (43 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 27,982
 • Density 2,700/sq mi (1,000/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02481, 02482, 02457
Area code(s) 339 / 781
FIPS code 25-74175
GNIS feature ID 0618332
Website www.wellesleyma.gov

Wellesley /ˈwɛlzl/ is a town in Norfolk County, Massachusetts, United States. It is part of Greater Boston. The population was 27,982 at the time of the 2010 census.[3]It has one of the highest median household and family incomes in Massachusetts.[4] It is best known as the home of Wellesley College, Babson College, and a campus of Massachusetts Bay Community College.

History[edit]

Wellesley was settled in the 1630s as part of Dedham, Massachusetts. It was subsequently a part of Needham, Massachusetts called West Needham, Massachusetts. On October 23, 1880, West Needham residents voted to secede from Needham, and the town of Wellesley was later christened by the Massachusetts legislature on April 6, 1881. The town was named after the estate of local benefactor Horatio Hollis Hunnewell.[5][6]

Wellesley’s population grew by over 80 percent during the 1920s.[7]

Historic district[edit]

The town designated Cottage Street and its nearby alleys as the historic district in its zoning plan. Most houses in this district were built around the 1860s and qualify as protected buildings certified by the town’s historic commission.

Geography[edit]

Wellesley is located in eastern Massachusetts. It is bordered on the east by Newton, on the north by Weston, on the south by Needham and Dover and on the west by Natick. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 10.49 square miles (27.2 km2), of which, 10.18 square miles (26.4 km2) is land and 0.32 square miles (0.83 km2) is water.[2]

Neighborhoods[edit]

  • Wellesley Farms
  • Wellesley Fells
  • Wellesley Hills (02481)
  • Wellesley Lower Falls
  • Wellesley Square (02482)
  • Poets’ Corner
  • Babson Park (02457)
  • Overbrook
  • Sheridan Hills

Recent construction[edit]

The town’s historic 19th century inn was demolished to make way for condominiums and mixed-use development in 2006.[8] The Wellesley Country Club clubhouse, which is the building where the town was founded, was demolished in 2008, and a new clubhouse was built.[5] The town’s pre-World War II high school building was torn down & replaced, with a brand new high school finished in 2012.[9] The entire 1960s-style Linden Street strip-mall has been replaced by “Linden Square” – a shopping district that includes a flagship Roche Bros. supermarket, restaurants, cafes, clothing stores, along with a mixture of national chains and local shops.[10]

Demographics[edit]

The Census Bureau has also defined the town as a census-designated place with an area exactly equivalent to the town.[2]

As of the census of 2000, there were 26,613 people, 8,594 households, and 6,540 families residing in the town. The population density was 2,614.1 people per square mile (1,009.4/km²). There were 8,861 housing units at an average density of 870.4 per square mile (336.1/km²). According to a 2007 Census Bureau estimate, the racial makeup of the town was 84.6% White, 10.0% Asian, 2.2% Black, 0.01% Native American, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.4% of the population.[2]

There were 8,594 households out of which 39.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.2% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.9% were non-families. 20.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.14.[2]

In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 13.9% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 24.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.1 males.[2]

The median income for a household was $159,167, and the median income for a family was $186,518. The per capita income in the town was $72,046.[4] About 2.4% of families and 3.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.0% of those under age 18 and 2.1% of those age 65 or over.[2]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1890 3,600
1900 5,072 +40.9%
1910 5,413 +6.7%
1920 6,224 +15.0%
1930 11,439 +83.8%
1940 15,127 +32.2%
1950 20,549 +35.8%
1960 26,071 +26.9%
1970 28,051 +7.6%
1980 27,209 −3.0%
1990 26,615 −2.2%
2000 26,613 −0.0%
2010 27,982 +5.1%
* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Programdata.[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

According to Boston Magazine’s yearly “Best Places To Live”, Wellesley ranks first in the United States in percentage of adults who hold at least one college degree.[citation needed]Over 66% of the households have at least one individual holding an advanced degree beyond a bachelor’s degree.[citation needed] In 2009, Wellesley ranked #2 in “America’s Most Educated Small Towns” according to Forbes.com.[18]

Government[edit]

The town government has been run by town meeting since the town’s founding.

Since Proposition 2½ limited property tax increases to 2.5% per year in 1980, the town has had to ask residents for a number of overrides to maintain funding for certain programs. Although the main 2005 override passed, a simultaneous supplemental override to preserve certain specific programs and services failed by 17 votes. The 2006 override passed with a large majority. Wellesley also receives funding from the state government. Local roads have been repaved several times in the 1990s and 2000s.

Central Street in Wellesley Square, looking west

Wellesley opened its new Free Library building in 2003, which is part of the Minuteman Library Network. Due to the structure of budget override votes and perhaps the size of the new main branch of the library, the two branch libraries—one in Wellesley Hills, which was purpose-built to be a branch library in the 1920s, another in Wellesley Fells—closed in the summer of 2006. The branch libraries reopened in September 2008.[19]

On December 18, 2014 Wellesley College and the Town of Wellesley announced that the College’s Board of Trustees had chosen the Town’s $35M bid for the purchase of 46 acres of land adjacent to its campus. Under this agreement, at least 50% of the North 40 property will be preserved in perpetuity as open space. A special town meeting in January 2015 resulted in a near-unanimous vote in favor of the purchase, and in March 2015, 80 percent of residents that casted votes at the Town election, voted to approve the purchase.

Services[edit]

Wellesley residents receive all major services from their local town government, with the exception of residential trash pick-up.

Municipal Light Plant[edit]

Wellesley is serviced by the Wellesley Municipal Light Plant (WMLLP). It is one of only a handful of municipal light plants in the state of Massachusetts. See “Green Power Community” under “Sustainability” below.

Recycling and Disposal[edit]

Residents of Wellesley cart their own refuse to Wellesley’s Recycling and Disposal Facility (RDF), a town-operated multi-use waste recycling site, where items are sorted by type, recyclability and potential reuse. Old books and magazines are available for town residents to take, which have their own shelving section. See more on Waste Management under “Sustainability” below.

The RDF also has a “Take it or Leave it” area where residents leave items they no longer want but that are in good repair. In 2004, the Town had to discontinue the “Take it or Leave it” because of funding cutbacks. However, within six months town residents reinstated it by means of a volunteer system. The section reopened with volunteers on duty at all times to organize the goods and ensure that only usable items were left there.

Education[edit]

Residence halls at Wellesley College

The town is known for possessing the second greatest concentration of residents with advanced degrees in the country. The public education services of the town are very well regarded, especially Wellesley High School; in 2007 it was ranked 70th best public high school in the nation by U.S. News & World Report, earning a Gold Medal.[20]The following year, the high school’s accreditation was placed on warning status by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges Commission on Public Secondary Schools.[21]

On the Massachusetts Comprehensive Assessment System test the district regularly scores higher than the state average.[22][23][24] The school system also contains a middle school and seven elementary schools (Bates, Upham, Schofield, Fiske, Hardy, Hunnewell, and Sprague.) The current members of the Wellesley Public Schools committee are Sharon Gray, Matt Kelley, Wendy Paul, Patti Quigley and Anthony Bent.

The town contains a private elementary school, Tenacre Country Day School, one private Catholic elementary school St. John the Evangelist and a preparatory school for girls, Dana Hall School. Also, the Wellesley A Better Chance outfit started in the early 1970s brings promising young women from underserved areas into town to attend Wellesley High School and live nearby.

Wellesley also contains the main campus of 3 colleges, Wellesley College, a women’s liberal arts college, Massachusetts Bay Community College, a two-year public college, and Babson College, a business college. According to Forbes.com, Wellesley College is the 6th best college in the country.[25] According to U.S. News & World Report, Babson College is the number one college in the country for entrepreneurship, receiving this distinction for the past fourteen years.[26] In addition, The Financial Times ranked Babson College as the 5th best U.S. college for providing custom executive education programs.[27] Part of main campus of Olin College, a private engineering school, is located in Wellesley, although its main entrance is located in Needham.

Transportation[edit]

Commuter Rail train at Wellesley Hills

Wellesley has had rail service to Boston since 1833. These days rail service is provided through Wellesley’s participation in the MBTA, which offers a total of 17 weekday Commuter Rail trains inbound towards Boston & outbound towards Framingham & Worcester. Wellesley’s stations are (east to west) Wellesley Farms, Wellesley Hills, and Wellesley Square. The Wellesley Farms station is listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. MWRTA bus service also runs along Walnut Street, Cedar Street, and Route 9.

The highways Interstate 95 in Massachusetts/Massachusetts Route 128, Massachusetts Route 9, Massachusetts route 16 and Massachusetts route 135 run through Wellesley.

For elders and people with disabilities there is a specific MBTA-based service, The Ride, which offers free or low-cost door-to-door service by appointment.[28]

From nearby Riverside MBTA Station in Newton, commuter express buses run to downtown Boston, Newton Corner and Central Square, Waltham. This is also a station for Greyhound Lines and Peter Pan Bus Lines with frequent service to Boston, New York City, and other destinations.

Wellesley’s Council on Aging contracts out a daily low-cost minibus service offering elderly access to several local medical facilities and the Woodland MBTA station.[29] Further afield is the Springwell Senior Medical Escort Program / Busy Bee Transportation Service for rides to medical & non-medical services in the area. There is also a monthly minibus to the Natick Mall.

For Amtrak service the nearest stations are west in Framingham, east in Boston at Back Bay and South Station, and south in Route 128 Station in Westwood.

Those affiliated with Wellesley College can take advantage of their bus services to Cambridge & Needham.[30] Wellesley College & Babson College also both offer discounted Zipcar service.[31][32]

The nearest international airport is Boston Logan Airport at 18 miles from Wellesley.

Sustainability[edit]

Green Power Community[edit]

In February 2009 Wellesley’s Municipal Light Plant introduced the Voluntary Renewable Energy POWER TO CHOOSE program to improve home efficiency and offer a variety of options for the community to lower energy consumption. As a result, many residents, businesses, and the three colleges voluntarily pay a premium to purchase electricity generated by wind power.

In 2014 Wellesley ranked third in the nation for customer participation after Portland, OR and Sacramento, CA.

In 2012 Wellesley was designated a Green Power Community by the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the only Green Power Community in Massachusetts and second in all of New England.

Also in 2012 the Wellesley Municipal Light Plant was the only green power supplier nationwide to receive the Innovative Green Power Program of the Year Award.

Reducing Carbon Footprint[edit]

In 2009 the Town established the Municipal Energy Efficiency Committee (MEEC) made up of representatives from various Town departments, to develop and evaluate municipal policies to reduce energy use.

In 2010 Wellesley’s Sustainable Energy Committee (SEC) was formed by Town Meeting. The Committee’s primary objective was a 10% Town-wide reduction in Wellesley’s carbon footprint; and 20% reduction in carbon footprint for all municipal departments by the end of 2013. In 2014 Town Meeting voted to support a new goal of 25% reduction by 2020 using 2007 as the base year.

The Committee is responsible for Wellesley’s adoption of the Massachusetts Stretch Building Code approved by Town Meeting effective January 2012.

In 2013 the Committee organized Wellesley’s Green Collaborative, a group of organizations that are concerned about environmental issues in Wellesley and beyond. Dozens of like-minded organizations are represented including Wellesley Conservation Council, a private, non-profit, land trust and conservation education organization incorporated in 1958, and Sustainable Wellesley, a group of volunteers who encourage sustainability in Wellesley and the surrounding area through events, education and action.

In 2014 the Sustainable Energy Committee served to double participation in the Town’s Voluntary Renewable Energy POWER TO CHOOSE program and organized the More POWER TO CHOOSE Solar Program.

Natural Resources Protection[edit]

Wellesley is the longest running Tree City USA community of any city or town in Massachusetts.

Effective July 1, 2011 Town Meeting passed Wellesley’s Tree Bylaw that requires property owners to protect certain trees and critical root zones during construction projects, and replace trees that are cut down or donate money to a special tree fund.

The Town’s Natural Resource Protection (NRP) Development bylaw, approved by Town Meeting in 2013 applies to any subdivision generating 5 or more lots. This bylaw requires a minimum of 50% of the property be preserved as open space in exchange for reduced lot sizes without increasing density.

Established in 1979, Wellesley has a unique elected Natural Resources Commission (NRC) bearing the statutory authority and responsibility of Park Commissions, Conservation Commissions, Tree Wardens, Town Forest Committees, and Forestry and Pest Control Officers. The Commission maintains Wellesley’s two Community Gardens and maintains a trail network that includes 26 miles of marked trails interconnecting open spaces and conservation lands for walking, dog walking, jogging, bicycling, cross-country skiing and more.

In 2001 the Commission in collaboration with the Health, Public Works and School Departments developed a Pesticide Awareness Campaign resulting in an Organic Pest Management Policy governing pesticide use on all town-owned property.

In 2003 the Commission created the Preservation Master Plan for Fuller Brook Park in collaboration with Wellesley’s Department of Public Works. This major restoration project will be completed in 2016.

In 2009 the Commission launched the Green Wellesley Campaign advocating for sustainability by raising awareness and promoting increased environmental action.

Green Schools[edit]

Wellesley Green Schools was established in 2006. Their No Idling Campaign received an Excellence in Energy and Environmental Education Award from the state of Massachusetts in 2014.

The Town’s new high school opened in February 2012 and includes such elements as green vegetated roof, geothermal heating and cooling, solar photovoltaic panel, and rainwater recovery systems.

Waste Management[edit]

In 2015 the Wellesley 3R (Reduce/Reuse/Recycle) Working Group was formed to consider possible initiatives to increase recycling and reduce waste in Wellesley. The initiative is a joint-effort of the Department of Public Works, Natural Resources Commission and Sustainable Energy Committee.

Economy[edit]

Wellesley is home to the headquarters of many local, national and global businesses including, but not limited to, BCC Research, Benchmark Senior Living, Blank Label Apparel, Eagle Investment Systems, EPG Incorporated, GrandBanks Capital, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, Livingston and Haynes PC, Roche Bros., Wellesley Dental Group, and Sun Life Financial U.S.

Top employers[edit]

According to Wellesley’s 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[33] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Sun Life Financial 1,661
2 Wellesley College 1,200
3 Babson College 850
4 Harvard Pilgrim Health Care 490
5 Roche Bros. 330
6 Massachusetts Bay Community College 250
7 Dana Hall School 250
8 Wellesley Country Club 220
9 Biogen Idec 210
10 Towers Watson 200

Culture[edit]

Wellesley’s Wonderful Weekend[edit]

Each year the weekend before Memorial Day, The Town of Wellesley sponsors the annual Wellesley’s Wonderful Weekend which includes the annual Veterans’ Parade and Fireworks. The fireworks display is one of the most elaborate and spectacular shows that is done by local or town government in the United States. It is put on by Atlas Fireworks of Jaffrey, New Hampshire who also put on the Jaffrey Festival of Fireworks. On Sunday, May 18, 2008, The Beach Boys performed in a concert on the Wellesley High School athletic fields in front of an estimated 10,000 town residents and fans. The funds for the performance, an estimated 250 thousand dollars, were made as a gift by an anonymous donor and lifelong fan of the band.

The Wellesley Symphony Orchestra[edit]

The Wellesley Symphony Orchestra presents classical, pops, and family concerts at Mass Bay Community College at its Wellesley Campus.

Religious institutions[edit]

The town of Wellesley is home to several religious institutions. There is one temple, Temple Beth Elohim, and several churches: Wellesley Congregational Church, St. Andrew’s Episcopal Church, St. Paul’s Catholic Church, Christ Church United Methodist, Wellesley Hills Congregational Church (also known as The Hills Church), First Church of Christ-Scientist, St. John the Evangelist Catholic Church, The Metrowest Baptist Church, Elmwood Chapel, and Unitarian Universalist Society of Wellesley Hills Wellesley Friends Meeting (Quakers).

Horticulture[edit]

The Wellesley College campus includes greenhouses and the H. H. Hunnewell Arboretum. This is not to be confused with the neighboring private H. H. Hunnewell estate. The Elm Bank Horticulture Center is home to the Massachusetts Horticultural Society. Although the entrance is in Wellesley, access is over a small private bridge over the Charles River, so Elm Bank is therefore in the neighboring town of Dover.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ Jump up to:a b c d e f g “American FactFinder”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Jump up to:a b “Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 – State – County Subdivision, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File”. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2011.
  4. ^ Jump up to:a b Massachusetts locations by per capita income
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b Smolski, Anne-Marie (October 26, 2009). “Monument marks birthplace of Wellesley”. The Wellesley Townsman. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  6. Jump up^ Hinchliffe, Beth. “About the Town of Wellesley”. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  7. Jump up^ Schaeffer, K. H.; Sclar, Elliott (1980). Access for All: Transportation and Urban Growth. Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-05165-4. Retrieved January 16, 2010.
  8. Jump up^ Lehmann, Barbara (March 29, 2006). “No rooms at the inn”. The Wellesley Townsman. Retrieved March 14,2010.
  9. Jump up^ Zak, Elana (September 4, 2009). “Wellesley High School project moving ahead”. The Wellesley Townsman. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  10. Jump up^ Lebeaux, Rachel (March 29, 2006). “Design Review approves Linden Street plan”. The Wellesley Townsman. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  11. Jump up^ “TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts”. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 13, 2011.
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  14. Jump up^ “1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts” (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12,2011.
  15. Jump up^ “1950 Census of Population” (PDF). 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21–10 and 21–11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  16. Jump up^ “1920 Census of Population” (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21–5 through 21–7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1900, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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  18. Jump up^ Detwiler, Jacqueline (January 5, 2009). “America’s Most Educated Small Towns”. Forbes.com. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
  19. Jump up^ “Branch Libraries reopen this week”. The Wellesley Townsman. September 4, 2008. Retrieved March 14,2010.
  20. Jump up^ “Gold Medal Schools”. U. S. News & World Report. November 29, 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  21. Jump up^ ((cite news [url=http://www.wickedlocal.com/wellesley/news/education/x466662251/WHS-placed-on-warning|title=WHS placed on warning |newspaper=Wellesley Townsman |date=November 19, 2008))
  22. Jump up^ “2007 MCAS Results – Wellesley Public Schools”. The Boston Globe. 2007. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  23. Jump up^ “2008 MCAS Results – Wellesley Public Schools”. The Boston Globe. September 23, 2008. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  24. Jump up^ “2009 MCAS Results – Wellesley Public Schools”. The Boston Globe. September 14, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  25. Jump up^ “America’s Best Colleges”. Forbes.com. August 5, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2010.
  26. Jump up^ “Best Colleges 2011 – Best Colleges Specialty Rankings – Undergraduate business specialties – Entrepreneurship”. usnews.com. September 5, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
  27. Jump up^ “Executive Education – customised – 2010”. ft.com. October 11, 2010. Retrieved January 7, 2011.
  28. Jump up^ “The Ride Guide”. Retrieved February 25, 2010.
  29. Jump up^ “Town of Wellesley, Massachusetts – Transportation”. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
  30. Jump up^ “Wellesley College Transportation”. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
  31. Jump up^ “Zipcar: Organizations: Wellesley”. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
  32. Jump up^ “Zipcar: Organizations: Babson”. Retrieved February 24, 2010.
  33. Jump up^ City of Wellesley CAFR
  34. Jump up^ Google Books: Yellow Clover: A Book of Remembrance, (E.P. Dutton, 1922), quote viii, accessed January 6, 2012
  35. Jump up^ Eddie Yost at SABR Baseball Biography Project

External links[edit]